Department of Biology
Bioremediation at DJX Pit
Sampling Reindeer Lake
Some of the most diverse lake systems of North America can be found within a two-hour driving radius of the University of Saskatchewan (e.g., low to high salinity, ultra-oligotrophic to hypereutrophic, and low to high DOC systems). Our comparative and experimental studies benefit immensely from the close proximity of these diverse lakes.
The general theme of research in the limnology laboratory revolves around biogeochemical cycles in aquatic ecosystems. Projects include the effects of food web structure, ultraviolet radiation, climate change and biodiversity on elemental cycling and energy flow.
1. A major research focus is examining the sensitivity of Lake Diefenbaker to nutrients under a changing climate. The project consists a variety of nutrient related studies: a nutrient mass balance model, a nutrient sufficiency-deficiency study, a nutrient sourcing study, a water quality study (pathogens and cyanotoxins), a remote sensing initiative, and so forth. This is a CERC funded project of the University of Saskatchewan's Global Institute for Water Security.
2. A second initiative is developing methods for phytoremediation of contaminated pit-lakes. Additional research in this area has looked at the effects of metal contaminants on biodiversity and ecosystem function (phosphorus, carbon and nitrogen cycling) in exposed lakes and flooded pit-lakes. These projects are well funded by the Northern Uranium Miners of Saskatchewan.
3. A third major project is examining the effect of ultraviolet radiation on food webs and the biogeochemisrty of P and N in lakes. An adjacent study is investigating the effect of climate on the long-term carbon cycle in lakes. These projects are funded through NSERC
4. A final project is examining the effect of climate change (drought) on Prairie lake ecosystems.
Additional areas of longstanding research include the development of methods for the estimation of nutrients at picomolar concentrations (e.g., P), and the factors (e.g., food web structure, temperature, stoichiometry, pH, and salinity) that affect the cycling efficiency of elements in food webs.
The National Water Research Institute (NWRI), The Canadian Wildlife Service (CWS), The Canadian National Synchrotron Facility, Centre for Toxicology and a variety of radioisotope and stable isotope laboratories are all located on the University of Saskatchewan campus. In addition, the Biology Department operates a field station at the Emma Lake Kenderdine Campus
Sampling Trappers Lake
Example of dissolved organic carbon (tea color) in stream water
Vandergucht, D., J. Sereda, J. Davies and J. Hudson. 2013. A comparison of phosphorus deficiency indicators with steady state phosphate in lakes. Water Research. 47:1816-1826 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.watres.2013.01.004
Sereda J., K. Hunter, D. Vandergucht, and J. Hudson. 2012. Photochemical Mineralization of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen to Ammonia in Prairie Lakes. Hydrobiologia 693:71-80
Sereda J., D. Vandergucht, and J. Hudson. 2012. In situ UVA exposure modulates change in the uptake of radiophosphate in size fractionated plankton assemblages following UVR exposure. Microbial Ecology 63:751-760
Sereda J. , D. Vandergucht and J. Hudson. 2011. Disruption of planktonic phosphorus cycling by ultraviolet radiation. Hydrobiologia . 665:205-217 doi:10.1007/s10750-011-0623-6Sereda J. and J. Hudson. 2011. Empirical models for predicting the excretion of nutrients (N and P) by aquatic metazoans: taxonomic differences in rates and element ratios. Freshwater Biology. 56:250-263
Sereda, J. , M. Bogard, J. Hudson, T. Dessouki, and D. Helps. 2011. Climate warming and the onset of salinization: rapid changes in the limnology of two northern plains lakes. Limnologica 41:1-9.
Sereda, J. and J. Hudson. 2010 A comparative estimate of P fluxes in lakes: A comment on “Fish decomposition in boreal lakes and biogeochemical implications” by Chidami and Amyot (2008). Limnology and Oceanography. 55:463-465.
Zhang, J., J. Hudson , R. Neal, J. Sereda, T. Clair, M. Turner, D. Jeffries, P. Dillon, L. Molot, K. Somers and R. Hesslein. 2010. Long-Term Patterns of Dissolved Organic Carbon in Lakes across Eastern Canada: Evidence of a Pronounced Climate Effect. Limnology and Oceanography 55:30-42
Sereda, J., J. Hudson, W. Taylor. 2009. Abiotic Effects of UV on Planktonic P Kinetics. Aquatic Sciences 71:127-134.
Sereda, J., J. Hudson, P. McLoughlin. 2008. General empirical models for predicting the release of nutrients by fish, with a comparison between detritivores and non-detritivores. Freshwat. Biol. 53:2133-2144
Sereda, J., J. Hudson, W. Taylor and E. Demers. 2008. Fish as sources and sinks of nutrients in lakes. Freshwat. Biol. 53:278-289
Hudson, J. and Taylor, W. (2005). Rapid estimation of phosphate at picomolar concentrations in freshwater lakes with potential application to P-limited marine systems. Aquat. Sci. 67:316-325.
Dessouki, T., J. Hudson, R. Neal and M. Bogard . 2005. The effects of phosphorus additions on the sedimentation of contaminants in a uranium mine pit-lake. Wat. Res. 39:3055-3061.(PDF)
Molot, L., J. J. Hudson, P. J. Dillon and S. A. Miller. 2005. Effect of pH on photo-oxidation of dissolved organic carbon by hydroxyl radicals in a coloured, softwater stream. Aquat. Sci. 67:139-195
Hudson, J., and W. Taylor. 2005. Phosphorus sedimentation during stratification in two small lakes. Arch. Hydrobiol. 162:309-325.
Hudson, J. J., P. J. Dillon and K. M. Somers (2003). Long-term patterns in dissolved organic carbon in boreal lakes: the role of incident radiation, precipitation, temperature, southern oscillation, and sulfate deposition (acid precipitation). Hydrology and Earth System Science 7:390-398.(PDF)Hudson, J. J., W. D. Taylor, D. J. McQueen and K. M. Somers. 2001. Phosphorus in pelagic food webs. - Part 10 of the Dorset food web piscivore manipulation project. - Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues Advanc. Limnol. 56:211-225.
Dillon, P. J., D. J. McQueen, C. W. Ramcharan, N. D. Yan and J. J. Hudson. 2001. Changes in nutrient and ion chemistry. - Part 12 of the Dorset food web piscivore manipulation project. - Arch. Hydrobiol. Spec. Issues Advanc. Limnol. 56:227-255.
Hudson, J., W. Taylor and D. Schindler. 2000. Phosphate concentration in lakes. Nature 406: 54-56 (PDF)
Hudson, J., W. Taylor and D. Schindler. 1999. Planktonic nutrient regeneration and cycling efficiency in temperate lakes. Nature 400: 659-661.(PDF)
Wilhelm, F., J. Hudson and D. Schindler. 1999. Contribution of Gammarus lacustris to phosphorus recycling in a fishless alpine lake. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56: 1679-1686.
Rosenfeld, J., and J. Hudson. 1997. Primary production, bacterial production, and invertebrate biomass in pools and riffles in southern Ontario streams. Arch. Hydrobiol. 139:301-316.
Hudson, J., and W. Taylor. 1996. Measuring dissolved phosphorus regeneration in planktonic communities. Limnol. Oceanogr. 41:1560-1565.
Hudson, J., J. Roff and B. Burnison. 1992. Bacterial productivity in forested and open streams in southern Ontario. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 49:2412-2422.
Hudson, J., J. Roff and B. Burnison. 1990. Measuring epilithic bacterial production in streams. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 47:1813-1820.
Rowe, L., J. Hudson, and M. Berrill. 1988. Hatching success of mayfly eggs at low pH. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 45:1649-1652.
Berrill, M., L. Rowe, L. Hollett, and J. Hudson. 1987. Response of some benthic arthropods to low pH. Annals of the Royal Zoological Society of Belgium 117:117-128.
Hudson, J. and M. Berrill. 1986. Tolerance of low pH exposure by the eggs of Odonata (Dragonflies and Damselflies). Hydrobiologia 140:21-25.
Berrill, M., L. Hollett, A. Margosian, and J. Hudson. 1985. Variation in tolerance to low environmental pH by the crayfish Orconectes rusticus, O. propinquus, and Cambarus robustus. Can. J. Zool. 63:2586-2589.
Bogard, M. and J. Hudson. 2004. Historical trends and nutrient status of Jackfish Lake with additional comments on Murray Lake. For: The Stewards of Jackfish and Murray Lakes, North Battleford. 28 pages.