Electronic Theses & Dissertations (ETD)

General Form and Style

Overall, it is important to submit an ETD that has a consistent appearance throughout.

Note: These are just suggestions for preparing your ETD. The final decision will depend on your department and graduate school guidelines.


Global Page Settings: All the pages of your ETD should follow a general form regarding page numbering, margins, and line spacing.

Page Numbering: Except for the title page, number all pages in your ETD.

Number the pages in the front matter with small Roman numerals (i, ii, iii, iv, etc.), placed at the bottom center of the page.  Remember, the title page is not included in the page numbering.  Page i should be the Permission to Use page and all page numbering proceeds from that roman numeral.

Number all pages through the body and back matter with Arabic numerals (1,2,3, etc.) at the bottom center.


TIP: Having different requirements for headers/footers in various sections within a Word document (such as the page numbering noted above) can be challenging to do correctly. The following steps can make the process easier:

  • Create one Word document as the Title Page (with no page numbering).
  • Create a second Word document for the Permission to Use page and the text that follows that (with Roman numerals as described above).
  • Create a third Word document for the rest with Arabic page numbering.
  • Convert the the three different Word documents to three different PDF documents.

Margins: All margins for your ETD (left, right, top, bottom) are to be set at 1".

Spacing: Line spacing should be either 1 line (single spaced) or 1 1/2 lines. Your committee may prefer the working paper drafts to be double spaced for editing purposes, but smaller spacings are easier to read on a computer screen. A spacing of 1 1/2 may be a compromise that will be accepted by your committee. Please consult with them to determine their preference during the draft phase.

Fonts: For best readability, normal body text should be twelve-point (12pt) size and using the Times or Roman family font.