Suggestions supplémentaires rassemblées concernant le projet de Déclaration des droits

QUEBEC, August 12th. 1958.

To the Prime Minister of Canada
To the Members of His Cabinet
To the Deputies.

SUPPLEMENTARY AND CONSOLIDATED SUGGESTIONS CONCERNING THE PROPOSED BILL OF RIGHTS.

I - BASIC PRINCIPLES OF A BILL OF RIGHTS.

  1. Civil Rights should be recognized to an individual irrelevant of race, religion or class.
  2. Natural law is the foundation of Civil Rights.
  3. Citizens, in a Democracy should not ask for favors from the State but should demand their Civil Rights or prerogatives.
  4. Life, Liberty and Property are inherent to Civil Rights.
  5. Civil Rights should be given to a citizen irrelevantly of the Province in which he lives; residence being a pure accident of birth or life.
  6. Impartiality and integrity in the administration of Justice is more important than Science, Knowledge, Learning or Competence.
  7. A judge should not hear and adjudge in a litigation of any kind whatsoever in which he is a party directly or indirectly and that in the broader sense.
  8. Basis and Conditions for the admission of a Case concerning Civil Rights to be heard should be fixed by rulings of that Court or determined by law.
  9. Notes pursuing a judgment should be made public or obtainable by the parties.
  10. One should not ask to a lower Court t o proceed to a higher one.

II CONSTITUTION AND ADMINISTRATION OF THE BODY CREATED TO ADMINISTER AND GUARANTEE THE PREROGATIVES FOLLOWING THE CIVIL RIGHTS CHARTER,

  1. A Court which might be designated as the Court of Civil Rights should be composed of members extracted from various learned professions or occupation.
  2. The Court should contain a paragraph establishing an organization to receive communications from Citizens making suggestions about Civil Rights of Canadian Citizens.
  3. That Court should be competent t o receive written or oral testimonies or opinions referring to Canadian Civil Rights.
  4. That Court should study and collect information concerning legal developments constituting a denial of equal protection of the law granted by the Charter.
  5. Other branches of Government should cooperate with the Court so established in order that it may carry out fully and effectively its functions and duties.
  6. The established Court should have authority to deal with evident conflict of Justice or law when:
    1. it has been definitely proven that the Civil Rights of a citizen has been impaired;
    2. The Court should have the authority t o establish standards of violation of Civil Rights of an individual;
    3. The Court should have legal authority t o quash judgments rendered by any other Court in which violation of Civil Rights or injustice has been suffered by a citizen and grant due compensation.
    4. In order that Civil Rights be effective the Court should have the duty t o study outright the complaints or the litigation of a citizen falling under its jurisdiction, avoiding delay encountered
      in any other jurisdiction.
    5. The judgment of the Civil Rights Court should be final or reviewable only by the Cabinet Ministers.

III - The following documents are offered for consideration which might be of help in the establishment of that Court:

a) "CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1957" 
The Government of the United States of America approved a Charter designated as "Public law 85-315 85th Congress H.R.6127" on September 9th. 1957. I extract from that document the following
dispositions :

Section l04 (a) The Commission shall - (2) study and collect information concerning legal developments constituting a denial of equal protection of the laws under the Constitution.

Section 105 (c) The Commission may constitute such advisory committees within states composed of citizens of that state and may consult with governors, attorneys general and other representatives of state and local governments and private organizations as it deems advisable.

Section 105 (e) All  Federal agencies should cooperate fully with the Commission to the end that it may effectively carry out its functions and duties.

b) THE CONSTITUTIOT\T OF THE UNITED STATES.

Article V of the amendments of the Constitution reads  in part as follows:

"nor shall  be compelled in any criminal case to
“be a witness against himself nor be deprived of
“life, liberty or property, without due process
“of law. . . . .”

Article X1V: Citizenship not t o be abridged.

“…no state shall make or enforce any law which
''shall abridge the priviledges or immunities of
“Citizens of the United States; nor shall any
“state deprive any person of life, liberty or pro-
"perty without due process of law nor deny to any
"person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

c ) THE BRITISH NORTH AMERICA ACT.

Our Constitution does not define or contain any provisions
referring to Civil Rights. Nothing specific about Civil Rights is
contained in that document.

d) The following stipulations of the Civil Right Charter
adopted by the United Nations are worthy of remarks:

Article 7 "All are equal before law and have a right
"without' any distinction to the protection of the law.
"Everybody has the right to an equal protection against
"any discrimination that should violate the present
"declaration and against any provocation to such a
"discrimination."

Article 10 "Everybody has a right, in full equality
"that his case be heard with equity and publicly by
"an independent tribunal and impartial one that will
"decide of his rights and obligations."

Article .l6 (2) "Marriage cannot be celebrated without
" full liberty and consent of the parties."

Article 17 (1) "Everybody, either alone or collecti-
"vely has a right to ownership."

Article 17 (2) "Nobody should be deprived of his
"property."

Respectfully submitted,

VICTOR LAROCHELLE
Mas.Com. Chartered Accountant.


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La déclaration canadienne des droits

Source: Gouvernement du Canada

Sujet: Canada – Déclaration canadienne des droits | Canada – statuts parlementaires

Description: Copie de la Déclaration canadienne des droits.

Date de création 1960

Code: Déclaration canadienne des droits
John Diefenbaker à Cornwall (Ontario)

Source: Inconnue

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement | Canada – personnalités

Description: John Diefenbaker à Cornwall (Ontario) entouré d’enfants portant des costumes d’Europe de l’Est.

Date de création [1958?]

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD2899
John et Olive Diefenbaker en compagnie d’un groupe d’enfants polonais

Source: Inconnue

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement | Canada – personnalités | Costume traditionnel

Description: John et Olive Diefenbaker en compagnie d’un groupe d’enfants polonais en costume, à Sarnia (Ontario).

Date de création 18 Août 1959

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD6926
John Diefenbaker lors d’un banquet des Chinese Youth Services

Source: Inconnue

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement | Canada – personnalités

Description: Vue d’une grande table lors d’un banquet des Chinese Youth Services. De nombreuses personnes non identifiées y participent, y compris John Diefenbaker. Diefenbaker apprend à se servir de baguettes.

Date de création [1958?]

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD2928
John Diefenbaker dans son bureau de la Chambre des communes

Source: Inconnue

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement | Déclaration canadienne des droits

Description: John Diefenbaker au travail dans son bureau de la Chambre des communes. On peut voir, derrière lui, une plaque portant la Déclaration canadienne des droits.

Date de création [1975]

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD3141
John Diefenbaker en compagnie d’un délégué à l’assemblée générale des Progressistes- Conservateurs

Source: Ted Grant – Photo Features

Sujet: : Canada – chef du gouvernement | Canada – personnalités

Description: John Diefenbaker en compagnie d’un délégué à l’assemblée générale des Progressistes- Conservateurs à Ottawa, tenant la copie n°10 de la Déclaration des droits.

Date de création 18 Mars 1961

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD3299

Discours

Discours de John Diefenbaker au Congrès des jeunes progressistes-conservateurs à Ottawa

Source: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement| Canada – droits de la personne | Déclaration canadienne des droits

Description:John Diefenbaker réaffirme sa position de défenseur des droits de la personne et demande aux jeunes du parti de prendre en main la responsabilité de guider le Canada vers l’avenir.

Date de création 30 Novembre 1959

Code: MG01/XVIII/T163-PAC23

Discours de John Diefenbaker à l’Association des femmes progressistes-conservatrices à Ottawa

Source: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement| Canada – droits de la personne | Canada – Déclaration des droits

Description:John Diefenbaker fait part de son désir de voir le Parlement voter sur la Déclaration des droits lors de la prochaine session parlementaire.

Date de création 30 Novembre 1959

Code: MG01/XVIII/T187-PAC39

Discours de John Diefenbaker lors d’un banquet progressiste-conservateur à Ottawa

Source: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement| Canada – droits de la personne | Canada – recensement

Description:John Diefenbaker prend cause pour une identité canadienne qui se manifestera lors du prochain recensement lorsqu’on demandera pour la première fois aux citoyens s’ils sont Canadiens.

Date de création 17 Mars 1961

Code: MG01/XVIII/T203-PAC50


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