The Canadian Bill of Rights

Letter from Byrne Hope Sanders to John Diefenbaker

Canadian Institute Of Public Opinion
The Gallup Poll of Canada
EM. 4-2113
55 Wellington Street West
Toronto-Ontario

The Hon. John Diefenbaker,
Leader of the Opposition,
House of Commons,
Ottawa,
ONTARIO.

Dear Mr. Diefenbaker,

I have been meaning to write to you, congratulating you and the Conservative Party, on your new status. Good luck to you!

Attached is the first of three releases on Civil Liberties which I thought would be of interest to you. Your office subscribes to the Gallup Poll releases, so this has probably come to your attention – but knowing of your interest in the matter, I wanted to drop you a note about them.

It is an interesting contrast with ten years ago, isn’t it? I still think that a ratio of 6 who believe Civil Liberties are being fully protected, compared to 4 who do not think so – or who have no opinion, is a poor showing for a 90 year old Democracy.

With every good wish.

Sincerely yours,

Canadian Institute of Public Opinion.

[signature]

Byrne Hope Sanders,

Co-Director.

Public Opinion News Service
Canadian Institute of Public Opinion
Gallup Poll of Canada
For Release – after 9 a.m. on Saturday February 2nd, 1957.
Gallup Poll of Canada

Voter Concern for Personal Liberties Declines in Decade
But One in Five Still Feels Civil Rights are Endangered

By Canadian Institute of Public Opinion

Ninety years after Confederation only about 6 in 10 Canadians think a person’s individual rights are being fully protected. The other 4 in 10 think they are in danger, or have no opinion on the matter.

While some citizens may be startled at this fairly narrow margin for those who are firmly convinced that Democracy is working for them personally, to the full, it is a direct reversal of the situation in Canada ten years ago. In 1947, less than 4 in 10 thought individual liberties were being safeguarded, as opposed to more than 6 in 10 who felt they were being endangered, or who had no opinion to give.

Main reason for the reversal lies in the lessening fear of communism, socialism, and left-wing political movements in Canada. A decade ago, 11 per cent named these forces as the reason for personal rights being threatened. Today only 1 per cent say this.

Question put to a cross-section of the voting public by interviewers for the Gallup Poll was the same in both surveys.

CIPO Insignia.

“As you know the idea of democracy is to give the people personal rights and freedom. Do you think personal rights are being fully protected in Canada, or do you think they are in any danger?”
Comparitive [sic] attitudes nationally, in the two time-periods are these:

For release on Saturday, February 2nd. 1957.

  1947 Today
Rights fully protected 35% 63%
Rights in danger 43 19
No Opinion 22 18

Eastern Canada is happier about the situation than Western provinces, as shown by the fact that 68 per cent in the Maritimes and Quebec say “fully protected,” as compared to only 56 per cent who say this in the West. In Ontario 61 per cent are of this opinion.

Here are the top-ranking theatres to person liberty as voters see them today:

“Government” – “not representative”
“Not doing its duty”, “Too many restrictions’ etc: 6%
“Four freedoms in danger” “No equality of justice” etc: 4
“Threat of communism of socialism”: 1
“Labor”, “strikes”, “power of unions”: 1
“Too many immigrants”: 1
Miscellaneous: 4
Don’t know: 2
Total who think rights are in danger: 19%

In the study made ten years ago “Monopolistic Corporations” obtained a 3 per cent rating. A slightly larger proportion then, gave reasons such as the danger of war, the cost of living or high taxes, than named them today.

Today’s study shows that there is a considerably greater degree of apprehension in regard to civil liberties among those with a University training than among those with lower levels of education. This is due, in part, to the fact that a larger proportion of the latter have no opinion to give. Here is the picture:

  Fully protected In danger No opinion
Public or no schooling.  61%  15% 24%
High School 65 20 15
University 62 26 12


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Canadian Bill of Rights
Creator: Government of Canada

Subject: Canada – Canadian Bill of Rights | Canada – Parliamentary Statutes

Description: Copy of the Canadian Bill of Rights

Date Created: 1960

Identifier: Canadian Bill of Rights

John Diefenbaker in Cornwall, Ontario
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | Canada – Personalities

Description: : John Diefenbaker in Cornwall, Ontario, surrounded by children in Eastern European costumes

Date Created: [1958?]

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD2899

John and Olive Diefenbaker with a group of Polish children
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | Canada – Personalities | Traditional Costume

Description: John and Olive Diefenbaker with a group of Polish children in costume in Sarnia, Ontario

Date Created: 18 August 1959

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD6926

John Diefenbaker at a Chinese Youth Services banquet
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | Canada – Personalities

Description: View of large banquet table at Chinese Youth Services banquet. Large group of unidentified individuals present including John Diefenbaker. Diefenbaker is being instructed on the use of chopsticks.

Date Created: [1958?]

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD2928

John Diefenbaker in House of Commons office
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | Canadian Bill of Rights

Description: John Diefenbaker working at desk in House of Commons office. Behind him is a plaque of the Canadian Bill of Rights.

Date Created: [1975]

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD3141

John Diefenbaker and a delegate to the Progressive Conservative General Meeting – 16
Creator: Ted Grant – Photo Features

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | Canada – Personalities

Description: John Diefenbaker and delegate at the Progressive Conservative annual general meeting, holding copy #10 of the Bill of Rights, Ottawa

Date Created: 18 March 1961

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD3299


Audio

Speech by John Diefenbaker at the Young Progressive Conservative Convention, Ottawa

Creator:Progressive Conservative Party of Canada

Subject:Canada – Head of Government | Canada – Human Rights | Canada Bill of Rights

Description:John Diefenbaker affirms his lifelong championing of human rights and calls upon the youth of the party to take on responsibility for leading Canada into the future

Date Created:30November1959

Identifier:MG01/XVIII/T163-PAC23

Speech by John Diefenbaker to the Progressive Conservative Women’s Association, Ottawa

Creator:Progressive Conservative Party of Canada

Subject:Canada – Head of Government | Canada – Human Rights | Canada – Bill of Rights

Description:John Diefenbaker declares his desire to have a Bill of Rights voted on by Parliament in the coming session

Date Created:30November1959

Identifier:MG01/XVIII/T187-PAC39

Speech by John Diefenbaker to a Progressive Conservative banquet, Ottawa

Creator:Progressive Conservative Party of Canada

Subject:Canada – Head of Government | Canada – Human Rights | Canada – Census

Description:John Diefenbaker advocates for a Canadianism which will find expression in the coming census when citizens will, for the first time, be asked whether they are a Canadian

Date Created:17March1961

Identifier:MG01/XVIII/T203-PAC50


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