Lettre de Byrne Hope Sanders à John Diefenbaker

Canadian Institute Of Public Opinion
The Gallup Poll of Canada
EM. 4-2113
55 Wellington Street West
Toronto-Ontario

The Hon. John Diefenbaker,
Leader of the Opposition,
House of Commons,
Ottawa,
ONTARIO.

Dear Mr. Diefenbaker,

I have been meaning to write to you, congratulating you and the Conservative Party, on your new status. Good luck to you!

Attached is the first of three releases on Civil Liberties which I thought would be of interest to you. Your office subscribes to the Gallup Poll releases, so this has probably come to your attention – but knowing of your interest in the matter, I wanted to drop you a note about them.

It is an interesting contrast with ten years ago, isn’t it? I still think that a ratio of 6 who believe Civil Liberties are being fully protected, compared to 4 who do not think so – or who have no opinion, is a poor showing for a 90 year old Democracy.

With every good wish.

Sincerely yours,

Canadian Institute of Public Opinion.

[signature]

Byrne Hope Sanders,

Co-Director.

Public Opinion News Service
Canadian Institute of Public Opinion
Gallup Poll of Canada
For Release – after 9 a.m. on Saturday February 2nd, 1957.
Gallup Poll of Canada

Voter Concern for Personal Liberties Declines in Decade
But One in Five Still Feels Civil Rights are Endangered

By Canadian Institute of Public Opinion

Ninety years after Confederation only about 6 in 10 Canadians think a person’s individual rights are being fully protected. The other 4 in 10 think they are in danger, or have no opinion on the matter.

While some citizens may be startled at this fairly narrow margin for those who are firmly convinced that Democracy is working for them personally, to the full, it is a direct reversal of the situation in Canada ten years ago. In 1947, less than 4 in 10 thought individual liberties were being safeguarded, as opposed to more than 6 in 10 who felt they were being endangered, or who had no opinion to give.

Main reason for the reversal lies in the lessening fear of communism, socialism, and left-wing political movements in Canada. A decade ago, 11 per cent named these forces as the reason for personal rights being threatened. Today only 1 per cent say this.

Question put to a cross-section of the voting public by interviewers for the Gallup Poll was the same in both surveys.

CIPO Insignia.

“As you know the idea of democracy is to give the people personal rights and freedom. Do you think personal rights are being fully protected in Canada, or do you think they are in any danger?”
Comparitive [sic] attitudes nationally, in the two time-periods are these:

For release on Saturday, February 2nd. 1957.

  1947 Today
Rights fully protected 35% 63%
Rights in danger 43 19
No Opinion 22 18

Eastern Canada is happier about the situation than Western provinces, as shown by the fact that 68 per cent in the Maritimes and Quebec say “fully protected,” as compared to only 56 per cent who say this in the West. In Ontario 61 per cent are of this opinion.

Here are the top-ranking theatres to person liberty as voters see them today:

“Government” – “not representative”
“Not doing its duty”, “Too many restrictions’ etc: 6%
“Four freedoms in danger” “No equality of justice” etc: 4
“Threat of communism of socialism”: 1
“Labor”, “strikes”, “power of unions”: 1
“Too many immigrants”: 1
Miscellaneous: 4
Don’t know: 2
Total who think rights are in danger: 19%

In the study made ten years ago “Monopolistic Corporations” obtained a 3 per cent rating. A slightly larger proportion then, gave reasons such as the danger of war, the cost of living or high taxes, than named them today.

Today’s study shows that there is a considerably greater degree of apprehension in regard to civil liberties among those with a University training than among those with lower levels of education. This is due, in part, to the fact that a larger proportion of the latter have no opinion to give. Here is the picture:

  Fully protected In danger No opinion
Public or no schooling.  61%  15% 24%
High School 65 20 15
University 62 26 12


Télécharger

Copie de la Déclaration canadienne des droits.
La déclaration canadienne des droits
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La déclaration canadienne des droits

Source: Gouvernement du Canada

Sujet: Canada – Déclaration canadienne des droits | Canada – statuts parlementaires

Description: Copie de la Déclaration canadienne des droits.

Date de création 1960

Code: Déclaration canadienne des droits
John Diefenbaker à Cornwall (Ontario)

Source: Inconnue

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement | Canada – personnalités

Description: John Diefenbaker à Cornwall (Ontario) entouré d’enfants portant des costumes d’Europe de l’Est.

Date de création [1958?]

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD2899
John et Olive Diefenbaker en compagnie d’un groupe d’enfants polonais

Source: Inconnue

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement | Canada – personnalités | Costume traditionnel

Description: John et Olive Diefenbaker en compagnie d’un groupe d’enfants polonais en costume, à Sarnia (Ontario).

Date de création 18 Août 1959

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD6926
John Diefenbaker lors d’un banquet des Chinese Youth Services

Source: Inconnue

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement | Canada – personnalités

Description: Vue d’une grande table lors d’un banquet des Chinese Youth Services. De nombreuses personnes non identifiées y participent, y compris John Diefenbaker. Diefenbaker apprend à se servir de baguettes.

Date de création [1958?]

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD2928
John Diefenbaker dans son bureau de la Chambre des communes

Source: Inconnue

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement | Déclaration canadienne des droits

Description: John Diefenbaker au travail dans son bureau de la Chambre des communes. On peut voir, derrière lui, une plaque portant la Déclaration canadienne des droits.

Date de création [1975]

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD3141
John Diefenbaker en compagnie d’un délégué à l’assemblée générale des Progressistes- Conservateurs

Source: Ted Grant – Photo Features

Sujet: : Canada – chef du gouvernement | Canada – personnalités

Description: John Diefenbaker en compagnie d’un délégué à l’assemblée générale des Progressistes- Conservateurs à Ottawa, tenant la copie n°10 de la Déclaration des droits.

Date de création 18 Mars 1961

Code: MG01/XVII/JGD3299

Discours

Discours de John Diefenbaker au Congrès des jeunes progressistes-conservateurs à Ottawa

Source: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement| Canada – droits de la personne | Déclaration canadienne des droits

Description:John Diefenbaker réaffirme sa position de défenseur des droits de la personne et demande aux jeunes du parti de prendre en main la responsabilité de guider le Canada vers l’avenir.

Date de création 30 Novembre 1959

Code: MG01/XVIII/T163-PAC23

Discours de John Diefenbaker à l’Association des femmes progressistes-conservatrices à Ottawa

Source: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement| Canada – droits de la personne | Canada – Déclaration des droits

Description:John Diefenbaker fait part de son désir de voir le Parlement voter sur la Déclaration des droits lors de la prochaine session parlementaire.

Date de création 30 Novembre 1959

Code: MG01/XVIII/T187-PAC39

Discours de John Diefenbaker lors d’un banquet progressiste-conservateur à Ottawa

Source: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada

Sujet: Canada – chef du gouvernement| Canada – droits de la personne | Canada – recensement

Description:John Diefenbaker prend cause pour une identité canadienne qui se manifestera lors du prochain recensement lorsqu’on demandera pour la première fois aux citoyens s’ils sont Canadiens.

Date de création 17 Mars 1961

Code: MG01/XVIII/T203-PAC50


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