Letter from Ivan B. White to Howard Green

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The Foreign Service of the United States of America
United States Embassy,
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
October 24, 1962

Dear Mr. Minister:

In pursuance of instructions from the Department of State, I transmit the complete text of the President’s Proclamation on “Interdiction of the Delivery of Offensive Weapons to Cuba”.

An advance copy of the operative portion of the text of the Proclamation was transmitted to Under Secretary Robertson by the Embassy yesterday evening.

Sincerely,

Ivan B. White

Charge d’Affaires ad interim

Enclosure:

Text of Proclamation
The Honorable
Howard C. Green,
P.C., Q.C., M.P.,
Secretary of State for External Affairs,
East Block,
Ottawa

 

Text of Proclamation on
"Interdiction of the Delivery of
Offensive Weapons to Cuba"

038926
Signed by President Kennedy at 7:06 p.m., Tuesday, October 23

Whereas the peace of the world and the security of the United States and of all American states are endangered by reason of the establishment by the Sino-Soviet powers of an offensive military capability in Cuba, including bases for ballistic missiles with a potential range covering most of North and South America;

Whereas by a joint resolution passed by the Congress of the United States and approved on October 3, 1962, it was declared that the United States is determined to prevent by whatever means may be necessary, including the use of arms, the Marxist-Leninist regime in Cuba from extending, by force or the threat of force, its aggressive or subversive activities to any part of this hemisphere, and to prevent in Cuba the creation or use of an externally supported military capability endangering the security of the United States; and

Whereas the organ of consultation of the American Republics meeting in Washington on October 23, 1962, recommended that the member states, in accordance with Articles 6 and 8 of the Inter-American Treaty of Reciprocal Assistance, take all measures, which they may deem necessary to ensure that the Government of Cuba cannot continue to receive from the Sino-Soviet powers military material and related supplies which may threaten the peace and security of the continent and to prevent the missiles in Cuba with offensive capability from ever becoming an active threat to the peace and security of the continent:

How, therefore, I, John F. Kennedy, President of the United States of America, acting under and by virtue of the authority conferred upon me by the Constitution and Statutes of the United
States, in accordance with the aforementioned resolutions of the United States Congress and of the Organ of Consultation of the American Republics, and to defend the security of the United
States, do hereby proclaim that the forces under my command are ordered, beginning at 2:00 p.m. Greenwich Time October 24, 1962, to interdict, subject to the instructions herein contained, the delivery of offensive weapons and associated materiel to Cuba. For the purposes of this proclamation, the following are declared to be prohibited materiel:

Surface-to-surface missiles; bomber aircraft; bombs; air-to-surface rockets and guided missiles; warheads for any of the above weapons; mechanical or electronic equipment to support or operate the above items; and any other classes of materiel hereafter designated by the Secretary of Defense for the purpose of effectuating this proclamation.

To enforce this order, the Secretary of Defense shall take appropriate measures to prevent the delivery of prohibited material to Cuba, employing the land, sea and air forces of the United States in cooperation with any forces that may be made available by other American states.

The Secretary of Defense may make such regulations and issue such directives as he deems necessary to ensure the effectiveness of this order, including the designation within a reasonable distance of Cuba, of prohibited or restricted zones and of prescribed routes. Any vessel or craft which may be proceeding toward Cuba may be intercepted and may be directed to identify itself, its cargo, equipment and stores and its ports of call, to stop, to lie to, to submit to visit and search, or to proceed as directed. Any vessel or craft which fails or refuses to respond to or comply with directions shall be subject to being taken into custody. Any vessel or craft which it is believed is en route to Cuba and may be carrying prohibited material or may itself constitute such material shall, wherever possible, be directed to proceed to another destination of its own choice and shall be taken into custody if it fails or refuses to obey such directions. All vessels or craft taken into custody shall be sent into a port of the United States for appropriate disposition.

In carrying out this order, force shall not be used except in case of failure or refusal to comply with Secretary of Defense issued hereunder, after reasonable efforts have been made to communicate them to the vessel or craft, or in case of self-defense. In any case, force shall be used only to the extent necessary.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Seal of the United States of America to be affixed.
Done in the City of Washington this twenty-third day of October in the Year of our Lord, nineteen hundred and sixty-two, and of the Independence of the United States
of America the one hundred and eighty-seventh.

John F. Kennedy
By the President:
Dean Rusk
Secretary of State


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John Diefenbaker and John F. Kennedy seated and chatting in the Oval Office, White House, Washington, D.C.
John Diefenbaker with John F. Kennedy
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Images

John G. Diefenbaker and Olive Diefenbaker with the Kennedys
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | United States – Head of State | Parliament Hill

Description: John and Olive Diefenbaker with John F. and Jackie Kennedy on Parliament Hill Date Created: [1961]

Date Created: [1961]

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD6587XC

John Diefenbaker and John Kennedy
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | United States – Head of State

Description: John Diefenbaker and John Kennedy walking outside the White House, Washington, 1961

Date Created: 1961

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD2210XB

Formal photo of John G. Diefenbaker
Creator: Ashley and Crippen

Subject: Canada – Head of Government

Description: John G. Diefenbaker in formal pose sitting on chair, hands on back of chair Date Created: [ca. 1958]

Date Created: [v./ca. 1958]

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD1966XC

John Diefenbaker talking with John Kennedy
Creator: Dominion-Wide Photographs

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | United States – Head of State

Description: As crowd looks on, John Diefenbaker and John Kennedy walk down street in Ottawa, 16 May 1961

Date Created: 16 May 1961

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD1400

John Diefenbaker with John Kennedy
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | Canada – Head of State | United States – Head of State

Description: John and Olive Diefenbaker with John and Jackie Kennedy and George and Pauline Vanier

Date Created: 16 May 1961

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD1388

John Diefenbaker with John Kennedy
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | United States – Head of State | 24 Sussex Drive

Description: John Diefenbaker and John F. Kennedy seated and chatting in the Oval Office, White House, Washington, D.C.

Date Created: 20 February 1961

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD1378

John Diefenbaker with John Kennedy
Creator: Unknown

Subject: Canada – Head of Government | United States – Head of State | 24 Sussex Drive

Description: John Diefenbaker and John F. Kennedy seated and chatting in the Oval Office, White House, Washington, D.C.

Date Created: 20 February 1961

Identifier: MG01/XVII/JGD1378


Audio

Telephone conversation between John Diefenbaker and President John F. Kennedy, Whitehorse, Yukon Territory

Creator:Unknown

Subject:Canada – Head of Government | United States – Head of State | Communication Systems – Canada and the United States | Yukon Territory

Description:John Diefenbaker, from the ceremony opening the Whitehorse Microwave System, shares a telephone conversation with United States President John F. Kennedy, who is in the Eastern United States; both men praise the partnership between their two countries which made the Microwave System possible

Date Created:22July1961

Identifier:MG01/XVIII/T58-JGD57

Speech by John Diefenbaker to open 1957 federal election campaign at Massey Hall, Toronto

Creator:Unknown

Subject:Canada – Parliamentarians | Canada – Personalities | Canada – Election Campaigning | Canada – Opposition to International Communism | Canada – Relationship with the United States

Description:John Diefenbaker explains the Progressive Conservative Party’s policies in regards to freedom from communism and the leadership the United States provides, internationally, in ensuring the survival of freedom

Date Created:25April1957

Identifier:MG01/XVIII/T134-PAC6a


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