Important Dates In Canada's History

26 December 1791 - British Prime Minister William Pitt passes the Constitutional Act, dividing Quebec along the Ottawa River into Upper and Lower Canada, each with a Lieutenant Governor and a Legislature.

28 November 1812 - The Canadian and British militias defeat the second American invasion of the War of 1812 at the Niagara River crossing near Fort Erie

26 September 1826 -   The town of Bytown is incorporated. In 1955, Bytown will become the city of Ottawa and in 1867 it will officially become the capital of Canada

14 November 1849 - Toronto becomes the capital of Canada following the burning of the Montreal parliament building by a Conservative mob; it would remain the capital until 1867

12 May 1870 - The Manitoba Act is given Royal Assent, creating Canada's fifth province

27 November 1885  -  Wandering Spirit was hung alongside seven other Cree persons for the murders at Frog Lake on 1 April; these were the last public executions in Canada

12 December 1885 - The first Canadian Pacific Railway freight train begins travelling to Montreal carrying Manitoban wheat

18 September 1895 - Future Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker is born in Neustadt, Ontario.

7 November 1907 - The test tokens for the first issue of Canadian coins are struck at the Ottawa branch of the Royal Mint

19 December 1917 - The first two games are played in the National Hockey League

31 October 1918   -   The Alberta government prohibits all gatherings of seven or more people in response to the outbreak of Spanish flu and churches, schools and theatres are all forced to close

3 October 1927 - Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King makes the first transatlantic telephone call to British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin

13 March 1928 - Eileen Vollick (1899-1972) becomes the first Canadian woman to obtain a pilot's license

18 October 1929 - Canadian women are finally declared “persons” under the law in culmination of the famous “Persons Case.”

6 June 1944 - Canadian troops land on Juno Beach as part of the allied invasion of Normandy on D-Day

5 September 1945   - Canada’s first nuclear reactor becomes operational in Chalk River, Ontario

8 August 1946 – A Cabinet order ends conscription for Canadian military service and grants amnesty to those who went AWOL from the armed services since the previous New Year’s Day

1 January 1947 - The Canadian Citizenship Act comes into effect in Ottawa, Ontario.

1 August 1959 - Georges-Philias Vanier becomes Canada’s first French Canadian Governor General

10 August 1960 - The Canadian Bill of Rights was enacted by Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker.

17 April 1962 - Queen Elizabeth II signs the Royal Proclamation of the Canadian Constitution.

15 February 1965 - Canada's new Maple Leaf flag is flown on Parliament Hill.

10 October 1970 - The October Crisis comes to a head when FLQ terrorists kidnap Minister Pierre Laporte in response to the rejection of their demands by the Quebec government

5 December 1976  -  The first 4 Canadian female Rhode Scholars are chosen

22 August 1979 -   Former Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker is buried on the University of Saskatchewan Campus

19 September 1980 - Terry Fox is invested as a Companion of the Order of Canada in recognition of his marathon across Canada which raised millions of dollars for cancer research

1 September 1982 - The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is adopted as part of the Constitution under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

25 July 1990 - Lucien Bouchard announced the formation of the Bloc Quebecois

24 October 1995 - The 50 year anniversary of the United Nations brings together the largest gathering of world leaders in history, including Prime Minister Jean Chrétien