"Catch the vision. Catch the vision of the kind of Canada this can be. We ask you not to follow the path of defeatism and fear, not the concept of igloo to igloo. I’ve seen this vision: I’ve seen this picture of Canada."

Diefenbaker (Edmonton, Alta.)

Important Dates In Canada's History

1 January 1947 - The Canadian Citizenship Act comes into effect in Ottawa, Ontario.

15 February 1965 - Canada's new Maple Leaf flag is flown on Parliament Hill.

13 March 1928 - Eileen Vollick (1899-1972) becomes the first Canadian woman to obtain a pilot's license

17 April 1962 - Queen Elizabeth II signs the Royal Proclamation of the Canadian Constitution.

12 May 1870 - The Manitoba Act is given Royal Assent, creating Canada's fifth province

6 June 1944 - Canadian troops land on Juno Beach as part of the allied invasion of Normandy on D-Day

25 July 1990 - Lucien Bouchard announced the formation of the Bloc Quebecois

1 August 1959 - Georges-Philias Vanier becomes Canada’s first French Canadian Governor General

10 August 1960 - The Canadian Bill of Rights was enacted by Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker.

8 August 1946 – A Cabinet order ends conscription for Canadian military service and grants amnesty to those who went AWOL from the armed services since the previous New Year’s Day

22 August 1979 -   Former Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker is buried on the University of Saskatchewan Campus

1 September 1982 - The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is adopted as part of the Constitution under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau.

5 September 1945   - Canada’s first nuclear reactor becomes operational in Chalk River, Ontario

18 September 1895 - Future Prime Minister John G. Diefenbaker is born in Neustadt, Ontario.

19 September 1980 - Terry Fox is invested as a Companion of the Order of Canada in recognition of his marathon across Canada which raised millions of dollars for cancer research

26 September 1826 -   The town of Bytown is incorporated. In 1955, Bytown will become the city of Ottawa and in 1867 it will officially become the capital of Canada

3 October 1927 - Canadian Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King makes the first transatlantic telephone call to British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin

10 October 1970 - The October Crisis comes to a head when FLQ terrorists kidnap Minister Pierre Laporte in response to the rejection of their demands by the Quebec government

18 October 1929 - Canadian women are finally declared “persons” under the law in culmination of the famous “Persons Case.”

24 October 1995 - The 50 year anniversary of the United Nations brings together the largest gathering of world leaders in history, including Prime Minister Jean Chrétien

31 October 1918   -   The Alberta government prohibits all gatherings of seven or more people in response to the outbreak of Spanish flu and churches, schools and theatres are all forced to close

7 November 1907 - The test tokens for the first issue of Canadian coins are struck at the Ottawa branch of the Royal Mint

14 November 1849 - Toronto becomes the capital of Canada following the burning of the Montreal parliament building by a Conservative mob; it would remain the capital until 1867

27 November 1885  -  Wandering Spirit was hung alongside seven other Cree persons for the murders at Frog Lake on 1 April; these were the last public executions in Canada

28 November 1812 - The Canadian and British militias defeat the second American invasion of the War of 1812 at the Niagara River crossing near Fort Erie

5 December 1976  -  The first 4 Canadian female Rhode Scholars are chosen

12 December 1885 - The first Canadian Pacific Railway freight train begins travelling to Montreal carrying Manitoban wheat

19 December 1917 - The first two games are played in the National Hockey League

26 December 1791 - British Prime Minister William Pitt passes the Constitutional Act, dividing Quebec along the Ottawa River into Upper and Lower Canada, each with a Lieutenant Governor and a Legislature.