Richard Schwier

    Dr. Richard Schwier

    Emeritus Professor

    Research areas


    the role of educational technology in education and society; instructional design and change agency; visual design; technology-supported learning environments; and virtual learning communities

    Curriculum Vitae


    Professor, Educational Technology and Design
    Department of Curriculum Studies
    College of Graduate Studies and Research

    Associate Member:

    • Department of Educational Psychology & Special Education
    • Department of Educational Administration
    • Department of Computer Science
    Teaching areas Honours Non-refereed publications
    Research interests Books, Chapters and Refereed Publicaitons Professional service

    TEACHING AREAS:

    Instructional design, theory and philosophy of educational technology, multimedia design, media literacy.

    RESEARCH INTERESTS:

    The role of educational technology in education and society, instructional design, visual design, technology-supported learning environments, open learning, and virtual learning communities. 

    HONOURS and AWARDS

    CJLT Editors' Award for the outstanding research paper in the Canadian Journal of Learning & Technology, 2010 (with Jay Wilson. Authenticity in the process of learning about instructional design. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 35(2). Retrieved from http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/view/520

    3M National Teaching Fellowship, 2005.

    E-Learn 2005 Outstanding Paper Award, "Intentional and Incidental Discourse Variables in a Virtual Learning Community" co-authored with Ben Daniel and Heather Ross.

    Edublog 2005 Awards. Short-listed finalist for "Best Audio and/or Visual Blog" for EdTech Posse (http://edtechposse.ca). (principal designer: Rob Wall, with Alec Couros, Richard Schwier, Dean Shareski).

    Website development award, Saskatchewan Association for Community Living, 2000.

    First prize, Inclusion International Photography Contest. Inclusion International, Federatie van Ouderverenigingen, The Netherlands, 1998.

    Service award. Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada. June, 1998.

    Master Teacher Award, University of Saskatchewan, 1996.

    Outstanding Book (ID Tools Award), 1994. Interactive Multimedia Instruction. Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Division of Instructional Development.

    Editor's Award (Award of Excellence) for the outstanding research article of the year. Learning environments and interaction for emerging technologies: Implications for learner control and practice.Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, 1994.

    AMTEC Leadership Award, Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, 1994.

    AMTEC Award of Merit, 1990. River City. Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada. Touch-screen interactive video production.

    Joan Kershaw Publication Award, 1988. Thursday's Child. Canadian Council for Exceptional Children. Video series and guidebooks. (with R. Sanche and S. Sorsdahl).

    AMTEC Award of Merit, 1987. Homesteaders. Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada. Touch-screen interactive video production.

    Joan Kershaw Publication Award, 1986. Mondays, Marbles and Chalk. Canadian Council for Exceptional Children. Video series and guidebooks. (with R. Sanche and S. Sorsdahl).

    Award of Excellence, 1985. Mondays, Marbles and Chalk.. Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada. Video series and guidebooks. (with R. Sanche and S. Sorsdahl)

    CJLT Editors' Award for the outstanding research paper in the Canadian Journal of Learning & Technology, 2010 (with Jay Wilson. Authenticity in the process of learning about instructional design. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 35(2). Retrieved from http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/view/52

    3M National Teaching Fellowship, 2005

    E-Learn 2005 Outstanding Paper Award, "Intentional and Incidental Discourse Variables in a Virtual Learning Community" co-authored with Ben Daniel and Heather Ross

    Edublog 2005 Awards. Short-listed finalist for "Best Audio and/or Visual Blog" for EdTech Posse (http://edtechposse.ca). (principal designer: Rob Wall, with Alec Couros, Richard Schwier, Dean Shareski)

    Website development award, Saskatchewan Association for Community Living, 2000

    First prize, Inclusion International Photography Contest. Inclusion International, Federatie van Ouderverenigingen, The Netherlands, 1998

    Service award. Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada. June, 1998

    Master Teacher Award, University of Saskatchewan, 1996

    Outstanding Book (ID Tools Award), 1994. Interactive Multimedia Instruction. Association for Educational Communication and Technology, Division of Instructional Development

    Editor's Award (Award of Excellence) for the outstanding research article of the year. Learning environments and interaction for emerging technologies: Implications for learner control and practice.Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, 1994

    AMTEC Leadership Award, Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, 1994

    AMTEC Award of Merit, 1990. River City. Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada. Touch-screen interactive video production

    Joan Kershaw Publication Award, 1988. Thursday's Child. Canadian Council for Exceptional Children. Video series and guidebooks. (with R. Sanche and S. Sorsdahl)

    AMTEC Award of Merit, 1987. Homesteaders. Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada. Touch-screen interactive video production

    Joan Kershaw Publication Award, 1986. Mondays, Marbles and Chalk. Canadian Council for Exceptional Children. Video series and guidebooks. (with R. Sanche and S. Sorsdahl)

    Award of Excellence, 1985. Mondays, Marbles and Chalk.. Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada. Video series and guidebooks. (with R. Sanche and S. Sorsdahl).

    RESEARCH PUBLICATIONS:

    See also http://www.vlcresearch.ca for access to papers from the Virtual Learning Communities Research Laboratory.

    Books, Chapters & Refereed Articles

    Schwier, R.A. (accepted).  The widow(er) maker: Teaching instructional design in blended and online studio environments. In E. Boling,  K. Campbell, R. Schwier, & K. Smith (2013). Studio approaches to teaching instructional design. New York: Routledge.

    Schwier, R.A. (in press). Information and Communication Technologies for Informal Learning. In M. Spector (Ed.), Encyclopedia of educational technology.  Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

    Campbell, K., & Schwier, R.A. (in press). Major movements of instructional design, or, instructional design as a socio-politically situated process. In O. Zawacki-Richter, & T. Anderson (Eds.), Online distance learning: Towards a research agenda. Athabasca, AB: Athabasca University Press

    Yusop, F., Correia, A., Schwier, R., & Wilson, J. (submitted). A sudy of approaches to service-learning in Instructional Design at three universities in USA, Malaysia and Canada. British Journal of Educational Technology.

    Seaton, J.X., & Schwier, R.A. (submitted). An exploratory case study of online instructors: Are research priorities affecting their ability to feel successful teaching online? International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning.

    Schwier, R.A., & Seaton, J. (2013). Participation patterns in formal, non-formal, and informal online learning environments.  Comparaison des modes de participation dans des environnements formels, non formels et informels d'apprentissage en ligne. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology. 39(1), 1-15. Retrieved from http://cjlt.csj.ualberta.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/view/709.

    Schwier, R.A. (2013). Blog. In R. Richey (Ed.), Encyclopedia of terminology for educational communications and technology (pp. 24-26). New York: Springer.

    Schwier, R.A. (2012). The corrosive effects of competition, growth, and accountability on institutions of higher education. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 24(2), 96-103. DOI: 10.1007/s12528-012-9057-z

    Schwier, R.A. (2011). Connections: Virtual learning communities. Saskatoon: Copestone. ISBN 978-0-9869536-0-6. Free ebook download.

    Schwier, R.A. (2012). Comparing formal, non-formal, and informal online learning environments. In J. Huett & L. Moller (Eds.). The next generation of education: Unconstrained learning (pp. 139–156). New York: Springer.

    Schwier, R.A. (2011). The elusive metaphor of virtual learning communities.  In G. Anglin (Ed.) Instructional technology: Past, present, future (3rd ed.) (pp. 295-306).  Englewood Cliffs, CO: Libraries Unlimited.

    Daniel, B., & Schwier, R.A. (2010).   Employing social network techniques to understand community engagement in a formal virtual learning community. International Journal of Virtual Communities and Social Networking, 2(4), 33-52.

    Campbell, K., Kanuka, H., & Schwier, R.A. (2010). Investigating sociocultural issues in instructional design practice and research: The Singapore symposium. In E. Blanchard & Danièle Allard (Eds.), Handbook of research on culturally-aware information technology: Perspectives and models (pp. 49-73). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.

    Schwier, R.A. (2010). Focusing educational technology research on informal learning environments. Contemporary Educational Technology, 1(1), 90-92. Retrieved from http://www.cedtech.net/articles/118.pdf

    Schwier, R.A., & Wilson, J.R. (2010). Unconventional roles and activities identified by instructional designers. Contemporary Educational Technology, 1(2), 134-147. Retrieved from http://www.cedtech.net/articles/123.pdf

    Wilson, J.R., & Schwier, R.A. (2009). Authenticity in the process of learning about instructional design. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 35(2). Retrieved from http://www.cjlt.ca/index.php/cjlt/article/view/520

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R.A., & Kenny, R. (2009). The critical, relational practice of instructional design in higher education: An emerging model of change agency. Educational Technology Research and Development, 57(5), 645-664.

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R.A., & Kenny, R.F. (2009). Agency of the instructional designer: Moral coherence and transformative social practice. In J.W. Willis (Ed.). Constructivist Instructional Design (C-ID): Foundations, models and examples (pp.243-264). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, Inc.

    Daniel, B., McCalla, G., & Schwier, R.A. (2008). Social network analysis techniques: Implications for information and knowledge sharing in virtual learning communities. International Journal of Advanced Media and Communication, 2(1), 20-34.

    Schwier, R.A., & Daniel, B.K. (2008). Implications of a virtual learning community model for designing distributed communities of practice in higher education.  In C. Kimbel & P. Hildreth (Eds.), Communities of Practice: Creating Learning Environments for Educators (pp. 347-366). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

    Schwier, R. (2007). Shaping the metaphor of community in online learning environments. In G. Calverley, M. Childs, & L. Schneiders (Eds.) Video for education (pp. 68-76). London, UK: DIVERSE and the Association for Learning Technologies.

    Daniel. B., Schwier, R.A., & Ross, H. (2007). Synthesis of the process of learning through discourse in a formal virtual learning community. Journal of Interactive Learning Research,  18(4), 461-477.

    Schwier, R.A.  (2007). A typology of catalysts, emphases and elements of virtual learning communities.In R. Luppicini (Ed.), Trends in distance education: A focus on communities of learning (pp. 17-40).Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publishing.

    Schwier, R.A., & Daniel, B.K. (2007). Did we become a community? Multiple methods for identifying community and its constituent elements in formal online learning environments.  In N. Lambropoulos, & P. Zaphiris (Eds.), User- evaluation and online communities  (pp. 29-53). Hershey, PA: Idea Group Publishing.

    Schwier, R.A., Campbell, K., & Kenny, R. (2007). Instructional designers' perceptions of their interpersonal, professional, institutional and societal agency: Tales of change and community. In M.J. Keppell  (Ed.), Instructional design: Case studies in communities of practice (pp. 1-18). Hershey, PA: Idea Group.

    Schwier, R.A., & Dykes, M.E. (2007) The continuing struggle for community and content in blended technology courses in higher education.  In M. Bullen, M., & D. Janes  (Eds.), Making the transition to e-learning: Issues and strategies (pp. 157-172). Hershey, PA: Information Science Publishing.

    Schwier, R.A. (2006).  Commentary on a review of e-learning in Canada: A rough sketch of the evidence, gaps and promising directions. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 32(3), 71-84.

    Daniel, B., & Schwier, R.A. (2007). A bayesian belief network model of a virtual learning community.  International Journal of Web Based Communities, 3(2), 151-169.

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R.A., & Kenny, R. (2006). Conversation as inquiry: A conversation with instructional designers. Journal of Learning Design, 1(3), 1-18.  http://www.jld.qut.edu.au/.

    Schwier, R.; Hill, J.; Wager, W.; & Spector, J.M. (2006). Where have we been and where are we going? Limiting and liberating forces in IDT. In, M. Orey, J. McLendon & R. Branch (Eds.). Educational media and technology yearbook 2006 (pp. 75-96). Westport, CT: Libraries Unilimited.

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R.A., & Kenny, R. (2005). Agency of the instructional designer: Moral coherence and transformative social practice. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 21(2), 242-262.

    Kenny, R.F., Zhang Z., Schwier, R.A., & Campbell, K. (2005). A review of what instructional designers do: Questions answered and questions not asked. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 31(1). 9-26

    Hill, J.R., Bichelmeyer, B.A., Boling, E., Gibbons, A.S., Grabowski, B.L., Osguthorpe, R.T., Schwier, R.A., & Wager , W. (2004). Perspectives on significant issues facing instructional design and technology. In M. Orey (Ed.), Educational media and technology yearbook, vol. 29, 23-43.

    Schwier, R. A., Campbell, K. and Kenny, R. (2004). Instructional designers' observations about identity, communities of practice and change agency. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 20(1), 69-100. http://www.ascilite.org.au/ajet/ajet20/schwier.html.

    M.D. Roblyer and R.A. Schwier, (2003). Integrating instructional technology into education (Canadian edition). Toronto: Prentice-Hall.

    Daniel, B., Schwier, R.A., & McCalla, G. (2003). Social capital in virtual learning communities and distributed communities of practice. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 29(3), 113-139..

    M.E. Dykes & R.A. Schwier (2003). Content and community redux: Instructor and student interpretations of online communication in a graduate seminar. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 29(2), 79-99.

    R.A. Schwier and S. Balbar (2002). The interplay of content and community in synchronous and asynchronous communication: Virtual communication in a graduate seminar. Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 28(2), 21-30.

    R. A. Schwier (2001). Catalysts, emphases and elements of virtual learning communities: Implications for research and practice. The Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 2(1), 5-18.

    R.A. Schwier, E.R. Misanchuk, & E.X Boling (2000). Discourse on designing an illustrated hypermedia book. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 9(3), 223-251.

    E.R. Misanchuk, R. A. Schwier and E.X Boling (2000). Visual design for instructional multimedia. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: M4 Multimedia & Copestone Publishing. http://edmac.usask.ca/rick/vdim/Start.HTM

    R.A. Schwier (2000). Guidebook to instructional design and interactive multimedia (2nd ed.). Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: Copestone.

    E. Kowch and R.A. Schwier (1998). Considerations in the construction of technology-based virtual learning communities. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 26(1), 1-12.

    R.A. Schwier and E.R. Misanchuk (1998). An investigation of the perceived quality of digital media: Research and research design issues. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 26(2), 87-106.

    R.A. Schwier and E.R. Misanchuk (1996). Designing multimedia for the hypertext markup language. Journal of Interactive Instruction Development, 8(4), 15-25.

    E.R. Misanchuk and R.A. Schwier (1996). Designing hypertext markup language documents for CD-ROM. Journal of Interactive Instruction Development, 8(4), 3-14. An electronic version is available at

    R.A. Schwier (1995). A critical examination of two resources for creating HTML documents for the world wide web. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 24(1), 171-180.

    E.R. Misanchuk and R.A. Schwier (1995). The mythology of colour in multimedia screen design: Art, science, and connoisseurship. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 24(1), 3-25.

    R.A. Schwier (1995). Reflections on scholarly review and academic publication. Journal of Higher Education Studies, 6(1), 3-6.

    R.A. Schwier (1995). Issues in emerging interactive technologies. In G. Anglin (Ed.), Instructional technology: Past, present, future (2nd ed.), pp. 119-130. Englewood, CO: Libraries Unlimited.

    R.A. Schwier (1994). Contemporary and emerging interactive technologies for distance education. In B. Willis, Distance education: Opportunities and challenges. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications, pp. 213-231.

    R.A. Schwier (1993). Learning environments and interaction for emerging technologies: Implications for learner control and practice. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 22(3), 163-176.

    R.A. Schwier (1994). Multimedia design principles for constructing prescriptive, democratic and cybernetic learning environments. Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia Annual - 1994, Charlottesville, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computers in Education.

    R. A. Schwier and E.R. Misanchuk (1993). Interactive multimedia instruction. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.

    E. Misanchuk and R.A. Schwier (1993). Representing interactive multimedia and hypermedia audit trails. Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Hypermedia, 1(3), 355-372.

    R.A. Schwier (1993). Creating digital video with VideoSpigot. Microware column. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 22(3), 221-228.

    R.A. Schwier (1993). Review of B. Willis, Distance education: A practical guide, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications, 1993. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 22(1), 86-89.

    R.A. Schwier (1991). Current issues in interactive technology design. In G. Anglin (Ed.) Instructional Technology: Past, Present and Future. New York: Libraries Unlimited, pp. 195-202.

    R. A. Schwier (1987). Interactive video. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology Publications.

    S. Sorsdahl, R. Sanche, & R. Schwier (1986). Thursday's child. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Copp, Clark and Pittman.

    F.B. Brown, L.F. Proctor, & R.A. Schwier (1986). Microcomputer courses in education offered by Canadian universities and colleges (3rd ed.) Saskatoon: Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada.

    R. Sanche, R.A. Schwier, S. Sorsdahl, and I.Clark (1985). Mondays, marbles and chalk. Mississauga, Ontario: Marlin.

    R. Sanche, R. Schwier and L. Haines (1990). Teacher ratings of two inservice education programs on classroom management. Canadian Journal of Education. 15(3), 293-298.

    R.A. Schwier (1989). Research and development with interactive learning technologies. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 18(3), 163-165.

    R.A. Schwier and E.R. Misanchuk (1988). The effect of interaction and perceived need for training on learning and time spent learning from computer-based instruction. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 17(3), 147-158.

    R.A. Schwier (1988). Design and use of student evaluation instruments in instructional development. Journal of Higher Education Studies, 3(1), 17-23.

    R.A. Schwier (1986). Project management for computer-based training development. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 15(3), 167-176.

    R.A. Schwier (1986). Extracting training implications from multi-component needs assessments: Extension of the R-C-D model. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 15(2), 91-104.

    L.F. Proctor, F.B. Brown and R.A. Schwier (1985). Courses in microcomputers in education in Canadian universities. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 14(3), 1-19.

    L.F. Proctor, F.B. Brown and R.A. Schwier (1984). Courses in microcomputers in education in Canadian universities. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 13(3), 1-10.

    R.A. Schwier (1982). The design and use of student evaluations of instruction. Journal of Instructional Development, 5(4), 28-34.

    R.A. Schwier and R. Wickett (1981). Roles for instructional development in adult education. Media Message, 10(4), 22-23.

    D.K. Dayton and R.A. Schwier (1979). Effects of postquestions on learning and learning efficiency from fixed-pace, fixed-sequence media. Educational Communication and Technology Journal, 27(2), 103-113.

    R. Kovak, R.A. Schwier, & E. Stein (1974). Kaleidoscope: Activities, ideas and resources for multicultural education. Bloomington, IN: Laboratory for Educational Development.

    Selected Refereed Conference Proceedings

    Seaton, J.X, Traves, J., McCalla, G., & Schwier, R.A. (2013, June). Designing an incentive-based online education system to encourage student collaboration. Proceedings of Ed-Media 2013. Chesapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computers in Education.

    Wilson, J.R., & Schwier, R.A. (2012, March). A model of authentic learning processes in instructional design. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Society for Information Technology in Education (SITE), Austin, TX.

    Schwier, R.A. (2011). Connections and contexts. The birth, growth and death of online learning communities.  Proceedings of E-Learn 2011, World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare & Higher Education.

    Schwier, R.A., & Seaton, J. (2011). A comparison of participation patterns in selected formal, non-formal, and informal online learning environments. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology.

    Schwier, R.A. (2010, July). Comparing learning communities in formal, non-formal and informal learning environments: Cattle drives, watering holes, murders of crows. AECT Research Symposia, Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Bloomington, Indiana.

    Correia, A.P., Yusop, F.D., Wilson, J.R., & Schwier, R.A. (2010, April). A comparative case study of approaches to authentic learning in instructional design at two universities. American Educational Research Association, Denver, Colorado.

    Campbell, K., Kanuka, H., & Schwier, R.A. (2009, September). Implications for ID practice of instructional designers' cultural identities. E-Learn 2009, Vancouver, British Columbia.

    Schwier, R.A., Morrison, D., Daniel, B.K., & Koroluk, J. (2009, September). Participant engagement in a non-formal, self-directed and blended learning environment. E-Learn 2009, Vancouver, British Columbia.

    Daniel, B.K., & Schwier, R.A. (2009, September). A preliminary consideration of learning processes in virtual learning communities. E-Learn 2009, Vancouver, British Columbia.

    Schwier, R.A. (2009, June). The elusive metaphor of learning community in formal and non-formal settings. Proceedings of ED-MEDIA 2009, Association for the Advancement of Computers in Education.

    Campbell, K., Kanuka, H., & Schwier, R. (2009, April). Instructional designer disciplinary-based formation of self. American Educational Research Association (AERA) Conference, San Diego, CA.

    Schwier, R.A., Morrison, D., & Daniel, B. (2009, April). A preliminary investigation of self-directed learning activities in a non-formal blended learning environment. American Educational Research Association (AERA) Conference, San Diego, CA.

    Wilson, J., & Schwier, R.A. (2009, April) How are designers taught to do what they do? Multiple approaches to masters-level design education. Special panel and poster sessions with Boling, E., Gibbons, A., Ertmer, P., and Wilson, B. American Educational Research Association (AERA) Conference, San Diego, CA.

    Schwier, R.A., Campbell, K., & Kanuka, H. (2009, April). A preliminary study and research protocol for investigating sociocultural issues in instructional design. American Educational Research Association (AERA) Conference, San Diego, CA.

    Schwier, R.A., Morrison, D., & Daniel, B.K. (2008). A comparison of formal and non-formal virtual learning communities. In V. Uskov (Ed.), Proceedings the Seventh IASTED International Conference on Web-Based Education, Innsbruck, Austria (pp. 321-326). Calgary, AB: International Association of Science and Technology for Educational Development & ACTA Press.

    Daniel, B.K., & Schwier, R.A. (2007). Engagement and knowledge sharing in a virtual learning community. In C. Montgomerie & J. Seale (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-Media 2007 (pp. 639-646). Cheseapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R.A., & Kenny, R. (2007). The multivariate nature of agentic instructional design: Self as moral actor. In C. Montgomerie & J. Seale (Eds.), Proceedings of ED-Media 2007 (pp. 15-21). Cheseapeake, VA: Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education.

    Daniel, B.K. McCalla, G.I. & Schwier, R.A. (2007) Bayesian Belief Network approach for analysis of intercultural collaboration in virtual communities using social capital theory. In T. Ishida, S.R.Fussell, & P.T.J.M. Vossen, (Eds.). Intercultural collaboration I: Lecture notes in computer science (pp. 291-305). New York: Springer-Verlag.

    Schwier, R.A. & Daniel, B.K. (2006). Aggregated approaches to identifying community and its constituent elements in formal blended learning environments. In M. Simonson & M. Crawford (Eds.), Proceedings of selected research and development papers from the Annual Conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology (pp. 397-406). Dallas, TX: AECT .

    Daniel, B.K., McCalla, G.I., & Schwier, R.A. (2006, November). Social network analysis techniques: Implications for information and knowledge sharing in virtual learning communities. Proceedings of LORNET 2006, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. [available: http://www.lornet.org/Default.aspx?tabid=644

    Daniel, B., McCalla, G., & Schwier, R. (2006). Bayesian belief network models of trust and social capital for social software systems design. CHI 2006, Montreal, April 24.

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R.A., & Kenny, R. (2006). Transforming Higher Education: Towards an Agentic Model of Instructional Design. Paper presented to the American Educational Research Association (AERA), San Francisco, CA, April 7.

    Daniel, B., McCalla, G., & Schwier, R.A. (2005). Bayesian Model of Social Capital in Virtual Learning Communities: Process, Procedures and Challenges. LORNET Conference, Vancouver, BC, November 18, 2005.

    Schwier, R.A. (2005). 'The Nature of Manifest Learning in Two Virtual Learning Communities. Annual conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Orlando, Florida, October 21, 2005.

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R.A., & Kenny, R. (2005). Using narrative inquiry to explore ID as conversation. Selected proceedings of the Research and Theory Division of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Orlando, Florida.

    Daniel, B.K., Schwier, R.A., & Ross, H. (2005). Intentional and incidental discourse variables in a virtual learning community. Proceedings of E-Learn 2005, Vancouver, British Columbia.

    Daniel, B., McCalla, G., & Schwier, R.A. (2005). Mining Data and Modelling Social Capital in Virtual Learning Communities. Proceedings of the Association for Artificial Intelligence in Education.

    Kenny, R, Campbell, K, & Schwier, R. (2005). Instructional Designers as Agents of Social Change in Higher Education, Canadian Association for Distance Education, Vancouver, BC, May 8.

    Schwier, R.A. (2005). Critical Issues Identified by New Members of Our Community of Practice, Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, Calgary, AB, May. (with graduate students: Darlene Gulas-Bomok, Derek Tannis, Heather Ross, Donna DesRoches, Daniela Vidovic, Debi Naigle, Ron Berntson).

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R., & Kenny, R. (2005). Conversation as inquiry and design. International Institute in Qualitative Methods Conference, Edmonton, AB, February 17.

    Schwier, R.A., & Campbell, K. (2004). Conversations with Instructional designers about social change agency. Instructional Design Conference, Campus Saskatchewan. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, November 19, 2004.

    Morrison, G., Bernard, R., Simonson, M., Schwier, R., & Anglin, G. (2004). Eqivalency theory revisited: A five-year checkup. Paper presented at the annual conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Chicago, IL, October 22.

    Bichelmeyer, B.A., Boling, E., Gibbons, A.S., Grabowski, B.L., Hill, J.R., Schwier, R.A., Spector, M., & Wager , W. (2004). Where Are We Going and How Will We Get There? Special session at the annual conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Chicago, IL, October 22.

    Schwier, R., Campbell, K., & Kenny, R. (2004). An Investigation of the Change Agency and Professional Identity of Instructional Designers. Proceedings of Ed-Media 2004 (pp. 2455-2459), Lugano, Switzerland.

    Schwier, R., & Dykes, M. (2004). The Struggle for Community and Content in Virtual Learning Communities. Proceedings of Ed-Media 2004 (pp. 2976-2982), Lugano, Switzerland.

    Campbell, K., Schwier, R. & Kenny, R. (2004). Supporting instructional designers: Sharing our stories and enhancing our practice. Proceedings of the annual conference of the Canadian Association for University Continuing Education (pp. 26-36), Niagara-On-The-Lake, ON.

    Schwier, R., Campbell, K., & Kenny, R. (2004). Instructional Designers in Search of Identity and Community. Proceedings of the annual conference of the Canadian Association for University Continuing Education (pp. 192-196), Niagara-On-The-Lake, ON.Schwier, R.A., Campbell, K., & Kenny, R. (2004). Instructional designers’ interpretations of their communities of practice. In M. Simonson (Ed.), Proceedings of Selected Research and Development Paper Presentations (pp. 236-245), Association for Educational Communications and Technology (AECT), Anaheim, California.

    B. Daniel, G. McCalla, & R.A. Schwier (2002). A process model for building social capital in virtual learning communities. Proceedings of the International Conference on Computers in Education, Auckland, NZ, 574- 577.

    Misanchuk, E.R., Schwier, R.A., and Boling, E.X. (1999). Visual design for interactive multimedia. Proceedings of the World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, Seattle, Washington. Association for the Advancement of Computers in Education, June 23.

    Misanchuk, E.R., Schwier, R.A., and Boling, E.X. (1999). Challenges in the design of a hypertext book in HTML: Lessons learned. Proceedings of the World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, Seattle, Washington. Association for the Advancement of Computers in Education, June 22.

    Schwier, R.A. (1999). Turning learning environments into learning communities: Expanding the notion of interaction in multimedia. Proceedings of the World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications, Seattle, Washington: Association for the Advancement of Computers in Education, June 23.

    Misanchuk, E. R., Schwier, R. A., and Boling, E. (1998). Visual design for interactive multimedia: Product and process. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, Edmonton, AB, June 3-5, 1998.

    E. Kowch, & R.A. Schwier (1997). Building learning communities with technology. Proceedings of the Second National Congress on Rural Education. Educational Resources Information Center, ED#405-857.

    E. Misanchuk, R. Schwier and E. Boling (1998). Developing large scale hypertextbooks for the web: Lessons learned. Proceedings of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, Edmonton, Alberta, June 3-6.

    R. Schwier and E.R. Misanchuk (1997). Technical quality and perceived quality: Are they the same or different things? Proceedings of the annual conference of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada..

    E.R. Misanchuk and R. Schwier (1996). Using HTML as an authoring medium: Common errors in the design of pages and web sites. Proceedings of the annual conference of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, June 2-6, Vancouver, BC.

    R. Schwier and E.R. Misanchuk ( 1996). Assessments of technical quality in multimedia: A report of research and discussion of research design issues. Proceedings of the annual conference of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, June 2-6, Vancouver, BC.

    R.A. Schwier (1994). Electronic publication: New challenges for academic publishers. Proceedings of the annual conference of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, Lethbridge, Alberta: Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada.

    R.A. Schwier (Ed.) (1994). Educational reform through educational technology. Edited collection of papers from the Educational Technology program at the University of Saskatchewan. Proceedings of the annual conference of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, Lethbridge, Alberta: Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada.

    R.A. Schwier (1993). Classifying interaction for emerging technologies and implications for learner control. In M.R. Simonson (Ed.), Proceedings of Selected Research Paper Presentations, Research and Theory Division, Association for Educational Communications and Technology, pp. 881-894.

    R.A. Schwier (1992). A taxonomy of interaction for instructional multimedia. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada.. Nanaimo, British Columbia: AMTEC. pp. 12-22.

    E. Misanchuk and R.A. Schwier (1991). Analytical tools and research issues for interactive media. Educational Resources Information Centre, ED#321 751. Also published in the Proceedings of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada Conference, St. John's, Newfoundland, June 9-12, 1990, pp. 240-257.

    E. Misanchuk and R.A. Schwier (1991). Interactive media audit trails: Approaches and issues. In M. Simonson (ed.), Selected papers from the annual conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, 1991. Orlando, Florida: Research and Theory Division, AECT, pp. 499-520.

    R.A. Schwier (1982). Assessing training needs: A model in context. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada, Winnipeg, Manitoba, June, 1982.

    Technical Reports, ERIC Publications and Non-Refereed Publications

    Schwier, R.A, Wilson, J.R., Morrison, D., & Proctor, L.F. (2011). Program proposal to reinstate the graduate program in Educational Technology and Design.  University of Saskatchewan.

    Schwier, R.A., & Koroluk, J. (2011). The conundrum of online discussions. Bridges, 9(3), 4-7.

    Schwier, R.A. (2010). Shhh…I’m busy being quiet. Bridges, 8(2), 1-2.

    Schwier, R.A. (2010). Pay attention during final examinations. Bridges, 8(3), 1-2.

    Greer, J., & Schwier, R.A. (2010, May). The learning priorities partnership: Supporting curriculum development and transformation. Proposal to the Provost’s Committee on the Integrated Plan (PCIP), University of Saskatchewan.

    Schwier, R.A. (2010, January). Twenty new teaching awards for the University of Saskatchewan, Provost’s Office and Gwenna Moss Centre for Teaching Effectiveness.

    Schwier, R.A. (2009, September). External review and technology plan for Living Sky School Division (Living Sky School Division No. 202 (LSSD), North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Saskatchewan Educational Leadership Unit.

    Schwier, R.A., & Nesbitt, S.W. (2008, October). External review of the Division of Continuing Education, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.

    Foundational Document on Teaching and Learning. University of Saskatchewan (2008, October). Member and contributor, Steering Committee.

    Balbar, S., Proctor, L., & Schwier, R.A. (2006). Educational technology in the Holy Trinity Catholic School Division: Evaluation and strategic plan for implementation. Saskatoon, SK: Saskatchewan Educational Leadership Unit.

    Schwier, R., Chase, T., Mutton, R., & Whittingham, P. (2004). Systematic program review of the Division of Media and Technology. Saskatoon: University of Saskatchewan.

    R.A. Schwier & E.R. Misanchuk (2001). Usability research and analysis of the gov.sk.ca website design. Research conducted and report prepared for the Government of Saskatchewan. 118 pp.

    R.A. Schwier, M. Akerman, G. Antifaiff, P. Arthur, S. Balbar, T. Brown, J. Byers, G. Clark, A. Couros, C. Hansen, D. Pinder, D. Pratte, B. Scheirer, B. Schindelka (2000). The day the technology died: A tale of murder and redemption in a virtual mentorship project. Media News, 27(3), 1,3-4.

    R.A. Schwier & E.R. Misanchuk (2000). Public survey: An analysis of user expectations and desires for the gov.sk.ca website. Research conducted and report prepared for dblack communications. 64 pp.

    Hamm, V., Findlay, G., & Schwier, R. (2000). Evaluation of the New Zealand Centre for Educational Research Assessment Resource Banks Website. Research conducted in collaboration with the Christchurch College of Education and the New Zealand Centre for Educational Research. 125 pp.

    R.A. Schwier & E.R. Misanchuk (1999). Design parameters for the gov.sk.ca website: Analysis of anticipated users and uses, and stakeholders' needs, wants and opinions. Research conducted and report prepared for dblack communications. 130 pp.

    R.A. Schwier and K. Melberg Schwier (1999). Virtual communities on the World Wide Web link parents and people with disabilities. Dialect, Summer, 12-13, 15.

    R.A. Schwier (1998). Entrepreneurship and starting a business: A conversation with Michael Misanchuk of eyecandy graphics. Media News, 26(1), 1, 5, 7-8.

    R. Schwier (1997). A wing and a prayer: President's column. Media News 24 (2), 2-3.

    R.A. Schwier (1997). Instructional Support Services in the College of Education: Discussion paper for the Dean of Education. Unpublished document, University of Saskatchewan.

    R. Schwier (1997). Corporate web site design and production. Saskatchewan Association for Community Living.

    R. Schwier and G. Kowch (1996). Youth Virtual Art Gallery. World Wide Web site created for the Canadian Society for Education through Art and the Canadian CNet Arts, Culture, and Heritage Network (Cnet ACHN), Moncton, New Brunswick. http://cnet.unb.ca/achn/cyvg/

    R. Schwier and E.R. Misanchuk ( 1996). Designing multimedia for the hypertext markup language. Educational Resources Information Centre, ERIC document reproduction #ED 392 392. Also available electronically at http://www.extension.usask.ca/Papers/Misanchuk/AECT96/Multimedia&HTML.html

    E.R. Misanchuk and R. Schwier ( 1996). Benefits and pitfalls of using HTML as a CD-ROM development tool. Educational Resources Information Centre, ERIC document reproduction #ED 392 393. Also available electronically at http://www.extension.usask.ca/Papers/Misanchuk/AECT96/Benefits&Pitfalls.html

    R. Schwier (1996). A vision for the future of AMTEC: President's column. Media News, 24(1), 2-3.

    R.A. Schwier and E.R. Misanchuk (1995). The art and science of color in multimedia screen design, Part 1: Art, Opinion and Tradition. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Anaheim, CA, February 12, 1995. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 381 143). Also available electronically at http://www.extension.usask.ca/Papers/Misanchuk/AECT95/SM95.sea.Hqx

    E.R. Misanchuk and R.A. Schwier (1995). The Art and Science of Color in Multimedia Screen Design, Part II: Science, Myth, and Legend. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Anaheim, CA, February 8&endash;12, 1995. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 381 144). Also available electronically at http://www.extension.usask.ca/Papers/Misanchuk/AECT95/MS95.sea.Hqx

    E.R. Misanchuk, & R.A. Schwier(1995). Appropriate uses of color in multimedia screen design: An illustrated guide to research results. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the Association for Educational Communications and Technology, Anaheim, CA, February 8-12, 1995. Also available from http://www.extension.usask.ca/Papers/Misanchuk/AECT95/Stack.sea.Hqx [1.2M]

    R.A. Schwier (1995). The critical and often neglected issue of design in interactive technologies. Saskatchewan Association for Computers in Education Bulletin, May, 11-15.

    R.A. Schwier (1994). Undergraduate programme audit. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: College of Education, University of Saskatchewan.

    R.A. Schwier (1993). A taxonomy of interaction for instructional multimedia. Educational Resources Information Center, ED#352 044.

    R.A. Schwier, F.B. Brown, E.R. Misanchuk and L.F. Proctor (1993). Interactive Media and Distance Education for Saskatchewan Schools. Regina, Saskatchewan: Saskatchewan School Trustees Association. Educational Resources Information Center, ED#352 019.

    R.A. Schwier (1993). Instructional design and interactive multimedia: Participant guidebook. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan. 123pp.

    Minister's Advisory Committee on K-12 Distance Education (1992). No distance too great: Report of the Minister's Advisory Committee on K-12 Distance Education. Regina, Saskatchewan: Office of the Minister of Education.

    E. Misanchuk and R.A. Schwier (1992). Interactive media audit trails: Approaches and issues. Educational Resources Information Centre, ED#334 996.

    R.A. Schwier (1991). A trilogy on television research: Controlling the television habit. Media News, 19(1), 8.

    R.A. Schwier (1991). A trilogy on television research: Some influences on children. Media News, 18(4), 6.

    R.A. Schwier (1991). Review of R.E. Bergman and T.V. Moore (1990), Managing interactive video/multimedia projects. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 20(1), 64-67.

    R.A. Schwier (1990). A trilogy on television research: The nature of the television experience. Media News, 18(3), 5.

    R.A. Schwier (1989, November). Review of J.W. Arwady and D.M. Gayeski (1989), Using video: Interactive and linear designs. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Educational Technology. Educational Technology, 60-61.

    S. Robinson, J. Hope, R. Fleming, T. Gambell, J. Lyons, R. Schwier (1989). Rethinking teacher education: A proposal for a contemporary teacher education program for the University of Saskatchewan. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan, College of Education, pp. 191.

    R.A. Schwier (1988). Is Tuesday a good idea? Dialect, September, 3.

    R.A. Schwier (1988). Overhead express. Canadian Journal of Educational Communication, 17(3), 201-205.

    R.A. Schwier (1987). Seeing the light. The Medium, 28(1), 12-13.

    R.A. Schwier, H. Birnie, R. Randhawa, A. Yackulic (1986). College of Education program review: Report to faculty. Saskatoon, Saskatchewan: University of Saskatchewan, College of Education.

    R.A. Schwier (1986). College of Education reviews undergraduate programs. Edlines, 4(1), 6.

    R.A. Schwier (1986). Review of E. Schwartz (1985), The educator's handbook to interactive videodisc. Washington, DC: Association for Educational Communications and Technology. Educational Technology, 26(10), 55-56.

    R.A. Schwier (1986). Newsletters. Dialect, April, p.6.

    R.A. Schwier (1986). Special effects. Dialect, June, p.4.

    R.A. Schwier (1985). Audio letters. Dialect, December, p.4.

    R.A. Schwier (1984). Review of C. Denova (1979), Test construction for training evaluation. The Learning Connection, 4(2), 15.

    R.A. Schwier (1983). New solutions to old problems in adult education. Sall Call, April, 6-8.

    R.A. Schwier (1983). Course Evaluation Instruments. Instructional Development Update, 1, 2-3.

    R.A. Schwier, F.B. Brown and L.F. Proctor (1982). Coordinated media services: Instructional imperative. The Saskatchewan Educational Administrator, 14(2), 19-29.

    R.A. Schwier and F.B. Brown (1982). Review of R. Heinich, M. Molenda and J. Russell (1982), Instructional media and the new technologies of instruction. The Learning Connection, 3(3), 12.

    E.R. Misanchuk and R.A. Schwier (1981). Learner analysis and the designer of instructional materials: An invitation to research. National Society for Performance and Instruction Journal, March, 5-7,28.

    P.J. Renihan and R.A. Schwier (1980). Ten recurring ailments of field experience programs. Education Canada, 20(3), 22-27.

    R.A. Schwier (1980). A call for interest: Instructional development, Media Message, 10(1), 28.

    R.A. Schwier (1980). There's more than one way to skinner a module. Media Message, 9(2), 8-13.

    R.A. Schwier (1980). Immigration and the mentally handicapped. Dialect, Summer, p. 4.

    R.A. Schwier (1979). Copyright violations: A call for civil disobedience. Indiana Media Journal, 1(2), 18-19.

    R.A. Schwier (1978). At last--useful research. Audiovisual Instruction, 23(9), 46.

    Selected Professional Service

    Editorial Review Boards:

    • International Journal of Designs for Learning, 2011 - present
    • Educational Technology Research and Development, Development, 2005 - present.
    • Contemporary Educational Technology, 2009-
    • ID Portfolio, Tech Trends, 2005-2008
    • IDT Record (online journal). http://www.indiana.edu/~idt/index.html. 2003-- present
    • Educational Technology and Society, [http://zeus.gmd.de/ifets/periodical/], 1999 - 2009.
    • Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology, 2000 - present
    • Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia 1993 - 1996
    • Canadian Journal of Educational Communication.1985 - 1989, 1994-1999
    • Canadian Journal of Communication, 1984 - 1990
    • Asia-Pacific Collaborative Education Journal, 2009

    Vice-coordinator, 3M National Teaching Fellowship. Society for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, and 3M Canada. 2012–2014.

    President, Association Media and Technology in Education in Canada, 1996 - 97.

    Editor, 1990-1993, Canadian Journal of Educational Communication. Research and development journal of the Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada.

    Associate Editor, 1980-1984. Media Message, Association for Media and Technology in Education in Canada.