There are a number of Statutes (Acts), Regulations
and Orders that directly relate to the provision and delivery of
educational services in Alberta. These legal documents outline
how "schooling" is to be
governed and operated in the Province and elaborate a variety of salient
and mundane topics. Sometimes we have found these documents difficult
to access and insufficiently consolidated for practical use. It is
our goal to provide an accessible, user-friendly guide to these legal
parameters for teachers, aspiring teachers, trustees, school administrators,
central office administration, parents, and interested community members.
Obviously, this is not a legal text but rather a non-legal interpretation
of the Alberta School Act and a variety of other legal texts for
the general informational use of laypersons. WHEN A PARTICULAR LEGAL
OPINION IS SOUGHT, A LAWYER OUGHT TO BE CONSULTED. It is also important
to note that the information and content found in this and other
guides to school law is subject to change. The 14 Parts, Appendices,
and reference, of this guide are provided as a starting place for
questions and curiosities that parents, trustees, new and veteran
teachers, school administrators, school support staff, school division
personnel, and others may have about the formal elements of school
law in Alberta. We have placed the content of Alberta school legislation
under themes and headings:
PART 1.0: The Student. In this part we
provide information on attendance at school, operation of schools,
provision for education, types of schools, learning resources and
particular programs in Alberta, language and culture programs, special
education, and student health and welfare.
PART 2.0: Parents and
the Community. This part of the guide defines who parents are, their
rights and obligations, as well as outlining community use of school
PART 3.0: Teachers and Student Teachers. This part deals
with teacher qualifications and certification, teacher classification,
the hiring of teachers, conditions of employment, teachers' duties
and functions, supervision of teachers, teacher suspension, dismissal,
other disciplinary action, and student teachers.
PART 4.0: The School
Principal. This section of the guide reviews the qualifications and
appointment of principals, their employment status, duties and functions
and describes the roles and functions of vice-principals and assistant
PART 5.0: Non-Professional Personnel in Schools. This
part is concerned with non-teaching school board employees, contractors,
and volunteers within the school.
PART 6.0: Collective Bargaining
in Alberta. Collective bargaining and settlement of disputes are
briefly described in this section.
PART 7.0: Alberta Education – The Department
of Learning. This section provides a description of the Alberta government
department responsible for education* (“Alberta Education”) and outlines
the Minister of Education's duties and powers. In addition, the appointment
of ministry officials, and the legal instruments of the Minister
of Education are described.
PART 8.0: School Division Structure and Governance.
School districts and school boards are legally described, together
with their membership, duties, and powers. Joint Boards, school districts,
local school boards, and local school advisory committees are also
PART 9.0: School Division Administration. The duties of
Board chair, superintendent of education and superintendent of administration
are outlined in this part of the guide.
PART 10.0: The Basics of
School District Budgets. This part of the guide provides an overview
of how education is financed in the Province of Alberta. The guide
includes a brief description of the Alberta School Foundation Fund,
and borrowing powers of Boards. This part of the guide also provides
a description of legal status of school property.
PART 11.0: Separate
Schools in Alberta. An overview of the history, relevant statutes,
rights, and responsibilities of Catholic schools and teachers is
PART 12.0: Francophone Education in Alberta. An overview
of Francophone education, its establishment, structures, general
program, funding and administration are outlined in this part of
PART 13.0: First Nations Education in Alberta. An overview
of the key documents, trends and organizational patterns for provision
of educational services to First Nations persons in Alberta is provided.
PART 14.0: Schools of Choice and Educational Programs. This section
of the Guide provides an overview of the various options parents
have beyond the Public, Separate, First Nations, and Francophone
school systems. Included are charter and private school choices as
well as home education, outreach and virtual programs. An overview
of registration obligations, parental rights and responsibilities,
boards of education responsibilities, monitoring authority and funding
PART 15.0: Appendices. In the appendices of this guide,
we provide a collection of ethics codes, rights and freedoms documents,
federal and provisional statutes pertaining to education in Alberta
and key documents that relate to education in Alberta.
PART 16.0: References According to Sections of the Guide. *In this document
we use the terms “Alberta Learning” and “Alberta
Education” interchangeably. From time to time, the Alberta Government
has chosen to change the name of the department or ministry which
overseas education in the Province.
of Saskatchewan > College
of Education > Saskatchewan
Educational Leadership Unit