William Baldwin Bibliography


Baldwin Biography

Baldwin Text

Primary Sources

Works by Baldwin

A treatise of morall phylosophie, contaynyng the sayinges of the wyse. Gathered and Englyshed by W. Baldwyn. London, 1547. 24 editions published between 1547 and 1640.

The canticles or balades of Salomon, phraselyke declared in Englysh metres. London, 1549.

Westerne Wyll, upon the debate betwyxte Churchyarde and Camell. London, 1552? Attributed to Baldwin and printed by William Powell. Reprinted by O. Rogers for M. Loblee in The contention bettwyxte Churchyeard and Camell, upon David Dycers dreame. London, 1560.

A Myrroure for Magistrates. London, 1559. Reprinted in 1563. Edited by Baldwin, including fourteen tragedies written by Baldwin. Parts of this text were a revised edition of A memorial of suche princes, as since the tyme of king Richard the seconde, have been unfortunate in the realme of England (London, 1554?), of which survives only a fragment of the title page plus two duplicate leaves of the text beginning with Owen Glendower.

The funeralles of King Edward the sixt. Wherein are declared the causes of his death. London, 1560.

A marvelovs hystory intitulede, Beware the Cat. London, 1570. Two editions were printed in 1570, one by John Arnold and another by William Griffith. Reprinted in 1584. A careful transcription of the now-lost Arnold edition, which has primary textual authority according to William A. Ringler, Jr. and Michael Flachmann, was made in 1847.

Early Reprints

A treatise of morall phylosophye containing the sayinges of the wise. London, 1552. The last part of the mirour for magistrates: wherein may be seene by examples passed in this realme, with how greevous plagues, vyces are punished in great princes & magistrats, and how frayle and unstable worldly prosperity is founde, where fortune seemeth most highly to favour. London, 1578.

The Mirour for Magistrates, wherein may bee seene, by examples passed in this Realm, with how grievous plagues vices are punished in great Princes and Magistrates, and how fraile and unstable worldly prosperity is formed, where Fortune seemeth most highly to failure: Newly imprinted, and with the additions of divers Tragedies enlarged. London, 1587.

A Mirour For Magistrates: Being A True Chronicle Historie of The Untimely falles of such unfortunate Princes and men of note, as have happened since the first entrance of Brute into this Iland, untill this our latter Age. Newly Enlarged With A Last part, called A Winter nights Vision, being an addition of such Tragedies, especially famous, as are exempted in the former Historie, with a Poem annexed, called Englands Eliza. London, 1610.

A treatise of morall philosophy wherein is contayned the lives and answers, witty sayings, worthy sentences, wise and excellent councels, precepts, proverbs, and parables, of philosophers, orators, emperors, and kings: also of what linage they came, and of what countrey they were. London, 1651.

Collections to which Baldwin Contributed

Langton, Christopher. A very brefe treatise, ordrely declaring the principal partes of phisick. With a commendatory sonnet by Baldwin. London, 1547.


Esquillus, Publius. Wonderfull newes of the death of Paule the iii. Trans. William Baldwin. London,1552..


The Mirror for Magistrates, in Five Parts. London: Lackington, Allen, and Company, 1815. Presented in two volumes and reprinted from the 1587 edition with collations from 1575 and 1610 editions.

The Mirror for Magistrates. Ed. Lily Bess Campbell. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1938. A standard edition based on the 1563 reprint. Reprinted in 1960.

Beware the Cat, and The Funerals of King Edward the Sixth. Ed. William P. Holden. New London: Connecticut College, 1963.

A Treatise of Morall Philosophie, Wherein is Contained the Worthy Sayings of Philosophers, Emperours, Kings, and Orators: Their Lives and Answers. Ed. Thomas Palfreman, Intro. Robert-H Bowers. Gainesville, FL: Scholars’ Facsimiles & Reprints, 1967.

Beware the Cat: The First English Novel. Ed. William A. Ringler, Jr. and Michael Flachmann. San Marino, CA: Huntington Library, 1988.

Secondary Sources

Adams, Henry Hitch. English Domestic or Homiletic Tragedy 1575 to 1642. 1943. New York: B. Blom. 1965.

Adnitt, Henry W. “Thomas Churchyard.” Transactions of the Shropshire Archeological and Natural History Society 3 (1880): 1-68.

Anderson, Andrew H. “The Books and Interests of Henry, Lord Stafford (1501-1563).” The Library 21 (1966): 87-114.

Anderson, Ruth, L. The Mirror Concept and Its Relation to the Drama of the Renaissance. Northwest Missouri State Teacher’s College Studies, III,1939. 47-74.

Anglo, Sydney. Spectacle, Pageantry, and Early Tudor Policy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.

Bacquet, Paul. Un contemporain d’Elizabeth I: Thomas Sackville: L’Homme et l’oeuvre. Geneve: Droz, 1966.

Baker, Herschel. The Race of Time: Three Lectures on Renaissance Historiography. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1967.

Baker, Howard. Induction to Tragedy. University, La.: Louisiana State University Press, 1939.

Baker, Norman. “The Treasury and Open Contracting, 1778-1782.” The Historical Journal 15.3 (September 1972): 433-454.

Ball, Lewis F. “The Background of the Minor English Renaissance Epics.” ELH 1 (1934): 63-89.

Bartlett, Henrietta C. “The Mirror for Magistrates.” The Library 3rd series 3.9 (1912): 22-32.

Beall, Julianne. “Didactic Techniques in Baldwin’s Mirror for Magistrates and other Sixteenth-Century Poems of the Fall Tradition.” Diss. University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1975. 5387A.

Belsey, Catherine. “Love as Trompe-l'oeil: Taxonomies of Desire in Venus and Adonis.” Shakespeare Quarterly 46.3 (Autumn 1995): 257-276.

Benjamin, Edwin B. “Fame, Poetry, and the Order of History in the Literature of the English Renaissance.” Studies in the Renaissance 6 (1959): 64-84.

Berlin, Normand. Thomas Sackville. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1974.

Birley, Robert. “Jane Shore in Literature.” Etoniana 125-26 (1972): 391-407.

Bohlmeyer, Jeannine. “Mythology in Sackville’s ‘Induction’ and ‘Complaint.’” Costerus 2 (1972): 9-24.

Bonahue, Edward. “‘I Know the Place and the Persons’: The Play of Textual Frames in Baldwin’s Beware the Cat.” Studies in Philology 91 (1994): 283-300.

Bowers, Terence N. “The Production and Communication of Knowledge in William Baldwin’s Beware the Cat: Toward a Typographic Culture.” Criticism 33 (1999): 1-29.

Bradford, Alan T. “Mirrors of Mutability: Winter Landscapes in Tudor Poetry.” ELR 4 (1974): 3-39.

Bradley, Ritamary. “Backgrounds of the Title Speculum in Mediaeval Literature.” Speculum 29.1 (Jan., 1954): 100-115.

Broude, Ronald. “Revenge and Revenge Tragedy in Renaissance England.” Renaissance Quarterly 28.1 (Spring 1975): 38-58.

Brown, Barbara. “Sir Thomas More and Thomas Churchyard’s Shore’s Wife.” YES 2 (1972): 41-48.

Buchloh, Paul Gerhard. Michael Drayton, Barde und Historiker, Politiker und Prophet. Neumünster: Karl Wachholtz Verlag, 1964.

Budra, Paul Vincent. “The Mirror for Magistrates and the Shape of de casibus Tragedy.” English Studies 69.4 (1988): 303-312.

——— “The Mirror for Magistrates and the Politics of Readership.” Studies in English Literature 1500-1900 32 (1992): 1-13.

——— “‘Exemplify My Frailty’: Representing English Women in de casibus Tragedy.” Philological Quarterly 74 (Fall 1995): 359-72.

——— A Mirror for Magistrates and the de casibus Tradition. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000.

Buhler, Curt F. “A Survival From the Middle Ages: William Baldwin's Use of the Dictes and Sayings.” Speculum 23.1 (January 1948): 76-80.

Bullough, Geoffrey. Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare. Vol. III-VIII (8 Volumes). New York, Columbia University Press, 1957-1975.

Bush, Douglas. “Classical Lives in Mirror for Magistrates.” Studies in Philology 22.2 (1925): 234-255.

Camp, Truman W. “William Baldwin and His Treatise of Moral Philosophy.” Diss. Yale University, 1935.

——— “Another Version of The Thinges That Cause a Quiet Lyfe.” Modern Language Notes 52.3 (1937): 186-188.

Campbell, Lily B. “The Lost Play of Æsop's Crow.” Modern Language Notes 49.7 (1934): 454-457.

——— Tudor Conceptions of History and Tragedy in A Mirror for Magistrates. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1936.

——— Shakespeare’s “Histories”: Mirrors of Elizabethan Policy. 1947. London: Methuen, 1963.

——— Shakespeare’s Tragic Heroes: Slaves of Passion. 1930. Gloucester: Peter Smith Publisher Inc., 1973.

Capra, Carl. “Il Riccardo III di Shakespeare e il Mirror for Magistrates.” English Miscellany: A Symposium of History, Literature and the Arts 13 (1962): 31-58.

Carleton, Frances Bridges. The Dramatic Monologue: Vox Humana. Diss. University of Texas At Austin, 1971. AAT 7219563.

Cavanaugh, Frances Camilla. A Critical Edition of The Canticles or Balades of Salomon Phraselyke Declared in English Metres. Diss. Saint Louis University, 1964. AAT 6413455.

Chapman, Raymond. “The Wheel of Fortune in Shakespeare’s Historical Plays.” RES n.s. 1 (1950): 1-7.

Chew, Samuel C. “Time and Fortune.” ELH 6.2 (1939): 83-113.

Cook, Albert S. “Postscript to the Elizabethan Invocation to Sleep.” Modern Language Notes 5.1 (1890): 11.

Crane, Mary Thomas. “The Shakespearean Tetralogy.” Shakespeare Quarterly 36.3 (1985): 282-299.

Davie, Donald. “Sixteenth-Century Poetry and the Common Reader: The Case of Thomas Sackville.” EIC 4 (1954): 117-124.

Davies, James. “Dissertation über den Mirror for magistrates und über die Quellen von Sackville's Beiträgen dazu.” Diss. Boston University, 1905.

Davis, Walter R. Idea and Act in Elizabethan Fiction. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1969.

Dean, Leonard F. Tudor Theories of History Writing. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1947.

Dean, Paul. “Tudor Humanism and the Roman Past: A Background to Shakespeare.” Renaissance Quarterly 41.1 (1988): 84-111.

Doherty, John Howard. “The Bloody King: A Study of Tropes, Figures, and Myth in the Mirror for Magistrates.”Diss. Yale University, 1961.

Dubrow, Heather. “A Mirror for Complaints: Shakespeare’s Lucrece and Generic Tradition.” Renaissance Genres: Essays on Theory, History, and Interpretation. Ed. Barbara Kiefer Lewalski. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1986.

Edwards, A.S.G. “The Date of George Cavendish’s Metrical Vision.” PQ 53 (1974): 128-32.

Ellis, Jim. “Embodying Dislocation: A Mirror for Magistrates and Property Relations (A Legal and Psychoanalytical Exploration of Elizabethan Era Conceptions of Fortune and the Effects of Social Mobility).” Renaissance Quarterly 53.4 (2000): 1032-53.

Evans, Maurice. English Poetry in the Sixteenth Century. 1955. 2nd ed. London: Hutchinson, 1969.

Farnham, Willard. “The Mirror for Magistrates and Elizabethan Tragedy.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 25.1 (1926): 66-78.

——— The Medieval Heritage of Elizabethan Tragedy. 1936. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1963.

Feasey, Eveline Iris “The Licensing of the Mirror for Magistrates.” The Library 4th series 3.3 (1922): 177-193.

——— “William Baldwin.” Modern Language Review 20 (1925): 407-418.

Flagg, William Junkin. “The Mirror for Magistrates, a Study of its Origin, Development and Influence.” Diss. Johns Hopkins University, 1920.

Fleay, Frederick Gard. A Biographical Chronicle of the English Drama, 1559-1642. 1891. London: Reves and Turner, 1970.

Freeman, Arthur. “William Baldwin: The Last Years.” Notes & Queries n.s. 8 (August 1961): 300-301.

Gaudet, Paul M. William Baldwin’s A Treatise of Moral Philosophy (1564): A Variorum Edition with Introduction. Diss. Princeton University, 1972. AAT 7224676.

——— “William Baldwin and the ‘Silence’ of His Last Years.” Notes & Queries n.s. 25 (October 1978): 417-420.

——— “The ‘Parasitical’ Counselors in Shakespeare's Richard II: A Problem in Dramatic Interpretation.” Shakespeare Quarterly 33.2 (1982): 142-154.

Geller, Sherri Marla. (Mis)Guiding from the Margins: The Disclaimer Writ Large In Sixteenth-Century England (Sixteenth Century, Pseudo Nonfiction). Diss. Columbia University, 1993. AAT 9412753.

——— “What History Really Teaches: Historical Pyrrhonism in William Baldwin’s A Mirror for Magistrates; Essays in Honour of James V. Mirollo.” Opening the Borders: Inclusivity in Early Modern Studies. Ed. Peter Herman. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1999.

Gill, J.S. “How Hermes Trismegistus Was Introduced to Renaissance England: The Influences of Caxton’s and Ficino’s argumentum on Baldwin and Palfreyman.” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 47 (1984): 222-25.

Gosse, Edmund. Gossip in a Library.1891. London: W. Heinemann, 1970.

Green, Lawrence D. “Modes of Perception in the Mirror for Magistrates.” Huntington Library Quarterly 44.2 (1981): 117-133.

Gresham, Stephen. “William Baldwin: Literary Voice of the Reign of Edward VI.” Huntington Library Quarterly 44.2 (1981): 101-116.

Gsell, Erwin. “Richard Niccols als Ergänzer und Herausgeber des Mirror for Magistrates.” Diss. DuMont Schauberg, 1910.

Gutierrez, Nancy A. “Beware the Cat: Mimesis in a Skin of Oratory.” Style 23.1 (1989): 49-68.

——— “King Arthur, Scotland, Utopia and the Italianate Englishman: What Does Race Have to Do with It?” Shakespearean Studies 26 (1998): 37-48.

——— “William Baldwin.” Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 132: Sixteenth-Century British Nondramatic Writers, First Series. A Bruccoli Clark Layman Book. Edited by David A. Richardson, Cleveland State University. The Gale Group, 1993, pp. 19-26.

Hadfield, Andrew. Literature, Politics and National Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

——— “Marlowe and Petronius: Another Possible Source of the Horse-corser Episode in Doctor Faustus.” Notes and Queries 44.4 (December 1997): 482-483.

——— "William Baldwin’s Beware the Cat and the Question of Anglo-Irish Literature.” Irish Studies Review 6.3 (1998): 237-243.

Hamilton, Donna B. “The State of Law in Richard II.” Shakespeare Quarterly 34.1 (Spring 1983): 5-17.

Hardin, Richard F. Michael Drayton and the Passing of Elizabethan England. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1973.

Harner, James L. “‘The Wofull Lamentation of Mistris Jane Shore’: The Popularity of an Elizabethan Ballad.” PBSA 71 (1977): 137-149.

Harper, Carrie Anna. The Sources of the British Chronicle History in Spenser’s Faerie Queen. Philadelphia: The J. C. Winston, 1910.

Hastings, William T. “A Survey of Shakespeare Scholarship in 1954.” Shakespeare Quarterly 6.2 (Spring 1955): 109-134.

Hearsey, Marguerite. “The Ms. of Sackville’s Contribution to the Mirror for Magistrates.” The Review of English Studies 8.31 (1932): 282-290.

Hogue Lynn L. “Sackville’s The Complaint of Henry, Duke of Buckingham.” Explicator 28 (1969): Item 8.

Howarth, R.G. “Thomas Sackville and A Mirror for Magistrates. “ English Studies in Africa 6 (1963): 77-9.

Hudson, Hoyt Hopewell. “Surrey and Martial.” Modern Language Notes 38.8 (December 1923): 481-483.

Hulse, S. Clark. “Elizabethan Minor Epic: Toward a Definition of Genre.” Studies in Philology 73 (1976): 302-319.

Jackson, William Alexander. “Wayland’s Edition of the Mirror for Magistrates.” The Library 4th ser. 13.2 (1932): 155-157.

James, M. E. “Obedience and Dissent in Henrician England: The Lincolnshire Rebellion 1536.” Past and Present 48 (August 1970): 3-78.

Kartzke, Georg. “Die Reimsprache des Mirror for magistrates (1587).” Diss. Berlin University, 1908.

Kastan, David Scott. “The Death of William Baldwin.” Notes & Queries n.s. 28 (December 1981): 516-517.

Kelly, Henry Ansgar. Divine Providence in the England of Shakespeare’s Histories. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1970.

Kiefer, Frederick. “Fortune and Providence in the Mirror for Magistrates.” Studies in Philology 74.2 (1977): 146-164.

——— “Mirrour for Magistrates” Dictionary of Literary Biography. Volume 167: Sixteenth Century British Nondramatic Writers. Third Series. Detroit: Gale, 1996. 117-134.

King, John N. English Reformation Literature: The Tudor Origins of the Protestant Tradition. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1982.

Kinghorn, A.M. The Chorus of History: Literary-Historical Relations in Renaissance Britain, 1485–1558. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1971.

Kinsman, Robert S. “A Lamentable of Kyng Edward the IIII.” Huntington Library Quarterly 29 (1966): 95-108.

Lämmerhirt, Karl Rudolf. “Thomas Blenerhassets Second Part of the Mirror for Magistrates.” Diss. Strassburg i.E, 1909.

Lawton, David. “Dullness and the Fifteenth Century.” ELH 54.4 (Winter 1987): 761-799.

Leishman, J. B. Themes and Variations in Shakespeare’s Sonnets. London: Hutchinson, 1961.

Lerman, Marilyn Frank. “Even-handed Justice: The Form of Retribution in Macbeth Compared with Richard III and the Mirror for Magistrates.” Diss. University of Rochester, 1959.

Lever, J.W. Introduction. Rape of Lucrece. Ed. J.W. Lever. Great Britain: Penguin (New Penguin Shakespeare), 1971.

Levitsky, R. “Another ‘Germ’ of the Garden Scene in Richard II?” Shakespeare Quarterly, “Queries and Notes” 24.4 (Autumn 1973): 466-467.

Levy, F.J. Tudor Historical Thought. San Marino: Huntington Library, 1967.

Lewis, C. S. English Literature in the Sixteenth Century, Excluding Drama. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1954.

Lievsay, John L. “Order and Decorum in A Mirror for Magistrates.” Tennessee Studies in Literature 2 (1957): 87-93.

Lounsbury, Thomas R. “On Certain Forms of the English Verb Which Were Used in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries.” Transactions of the American Philological Association (1869-1896) 1 (1869–1870): 95-105.

Lowers, James K. Mirrors for Rebels: A Study of Polemical Literature Relating to the Northern Rebellion, 1569. publisher unknown, 1953.

Lucas, Scott Campbell. Tragic Poetry as Political Resistance: A Mirror for Magistrates, 1554-1563. Diss. Duke University, 1998. AAT 9804064.

——— “The Suppressed Edition and the Creation of the ‘Orthodox’ Mirror for Magistrates.” Renaissance Papers (1994): 31-54.

Martinson, David J. “The Ideological Development of Shakespeare Culminating in King Lear: Shakespeare's Mirror for Magistrates for King James I.” Diss. University of New Mexico, 1995.

Maslen, Robert W. “‘The Cat Got Your Tongue’: Pseudo-Translation, Conversion, and Control in William Baldwin’s Beware the Cat.” Translation and Literature 8 (1999): 3-27.

——— “William Baldwin and the Politics of Pseudo-Philosophy in Tudor Prose Fiction.” Studies in Philology 97.1 (2000): 29-60.

Mills, Jerry Leath. “A Source for Spenser’s Anamnestes.” Philological Quarterly 47 (1968): 137-149.

——— “Prudence, History, and the Prince in The Faerie Queen, Book II.” Huntington Library Quarterly 41 (1978): 83-101.

——— “Recent Studies in A Mirror for Magistrates.” English Literary Renaissance 9.2 (1979): 343-352.

Morris, Christopher. “Shakespeare's Politics.” The Historical Journal 8.3 (1965): 293-308.

Mosser, Francois. “L’art de la Posie Historique dans le Mirror for Magistrates.” Etudes Anglaises: Grande-Bretagne 40.2 (1987): 129-141.

Mothershead, Janet F. “The Conception of Royalty in the Mirror for Magistrates.” Diss. George Washington University, 1936.

Mroz, Sister Mary Bonaventure. Divine Vengeance. Washington: Catholic University of America Press, 1941.

Neale, Edith Louise. “The Influence of the Mirror for Magistrates on the Technique of the Chronicle Play as a Form of Tragedy.” Diss. University of Chicago, 1921.

Nearing, Homer. “English Historical Poetry, 1599–1641.” Diss. University of Pennsylvania, 1944.

Nichie, Elizabeth. Vergil and the English Poets. 1919. New York: AMS Press, 1966.

Nicholls, Mark. “The 'Wizard Earl' in Star Chamber: The Trial of the Earl of Northumberland, June 1606.” The Historical Journal [Great Britain] 30.1 (1987): 173-189.

Ong, Walter J. “Tudor Writings on Rhetoric.” Studies in the Renaissance 15 (1968): 39-69.

Osler, Alan. “Keats and Baldwin’s ‘Pantheon.’” Modern Language Review 62 (1962): 221 225.

Palmer, Daryl W. “Edward IV's Secret Familiarities and the Politics of Proximity in Elizabethan History Plays.” ELH 61.2 (Summer 1994): 279-315.

Patch, Howard R. The Goddess Fortuna in Medieval Literature. Cambridge: Harvard University, 1927.

Patrides, C.A. The Grand Design of God: The Literary Form of the Christian View of History. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1972.

Peery, William. “A Metrical Puzzle in the Mirror for Magistrates.” Modern Language Notes 56.4 (1941): 258-261.

——— “Tragic Retribution in the 1559 Mirror for Magistrates.” Studies in Philology 46.2 (1949): 113-130.

Pratt, Samuel M. “Shakespeare and Humphrey Duke of Gloucester: A Study in Myth.” Shakespeare Quarterly 16.2 (1965): 201-216.

Prescott, Anne Lake. “Translatio Lupae: Du Bellay's Roman Whore Goes North.” Renaissance Quarterly 42.3 (Autumn, 1989): 397-419.

Pyle, Fitzroy. “Thomas Sackville and A Mirror for Magistrates.” Review of English Studies 14.55 (1938): 315-321.

Rees, Joan. Samuel Daniel: A Critical and Biographical Study. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 1964.

Reese, M.M. The Cease of Majesty: A Study of Shakespeare’s History Plays. London: Edward Arnold, 1961.

——— "'Tis My Picture; Refuse It Not." Shakespeare Quarterly 36.2 (1985): 254-256.

Reimer, Margaret Richmond. "‘Cats Will to Kind’: William Baldwin, the Writing of Protestant Politics and the First English Novel." Diss. Purdue University, 2001. AAT 3017674.

Ribner, Irving. The English History Play in the Age of Shakespeare. 1957. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1965.

Ringler, William A. Jr., “Beware the Cat and the Beginnings of English Fiction.” Novel 12 (1979): 113-126.

Robertson, D.W. Jr. “Chaucerian Tragedy.” ELH 19 (1952): 1-37.

Rowe, Benedicta J.H. “John, Duke of Bedford, in the Mirror for Magistrates.” Notes and Queries 22 (1975): 296-300.

Rowse, A.L. “Mirror for Magistrates.” TLS (April 15, 1939): 217.

Rubel, Veré L. Poetic Diction in the English Renaissance from Skelton through Spenser. 1941. The Modern Language Association of America Revolving Fund Series, 12. New York: Kraus Reprint, 1966.

Schutte, William M. “Thomas Churchyard's ‘Dollfull Discourse’ and the Death of Lady Katherine Grey.” Sixteenth Century Journal 15.4 (Winter 1984): 471-487.

Schwegler, Robert A. “Oral Tradition and Print: Domestic Performance in Renaissance England.” Journal of American Folklore 93 (1980): 435-441.

Seronsy, Cecil. “Daniel and the Mirror Tradition: Dramatic Irony in The Complaint of Rosamond.” Studies in English Literature 15 (1975): 21-36.

Steiner, Hanna Elisabeth. “The First Part of the Mirror for Magistrates (1559).” Diss. Strassburg i.E, 1914.

Swart, Jacob. Thomas Sackville: A Study in Sixteenth-Century Poetry. Groningen: J. B. Wolters, 1949.

Taylor, Anthony Brian. “Marlowe and the Mirror for Magistrates.” Notes and Queries 33.3 (September 1986): 336-337.

Thaler, Alwin. “Churchyard and Marlowe.” Modern Language Notes 38.2 (February 1923): 89-92.

——— “Literary Criticism in A Mirror for Magistrates.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 49.1 (1950): 1-13.

Thompson, John. The Founding of English Metre. 1961. New York: Columbia University Press, 1989.

Tillyard, E.M.W. “A Mirror for Magistrates Revisited.” Elizabethan and Jacobean Studies. Presented to Frank Percy Wilson in honour of his 70th birthday. Ed. Herbert Davis and Helen Gardner. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1959. p. 1-16.

——— Shakespeare’s History Plays. 1946. New York: Barnes and Noble, 1969.

Trench, Wilbraham F. “William Baldwin.” Modern Quarterly of Language & Literature 2 (1898-1899): 259-267.

Trench, Wilbraham Fitzjohn. A Mirror for Magistrates: Its Origin and Influence. Edinburgh: W.H. White and Co. Limited, 1898.

Wall, Wendy. “Forgetting and Keeping: Jane Shore and the English Domestication of History.” Renaissance Drama 27 (1996): 123-56.

Weaver, John Joseph William. "Rhetoric and Tragedy in Thomas Sackville's Contributions to the Mirror for Magistrates." Diss. Ohio State University, 1969. AAT 6904996.

Weisingler, Herbert. “Ideas of History During the Renaissance.” Journal of the History of Ideas 6 (1945): 415-435.

Whitaker, Virgil K. The Mirror up to Nature: The Technique of Shakespeare’s Tragedies. San Marino: Huntington Library, 1965.

Wilson, F.P. The English Drama, 1485–1585. Ed. G.K. Hunter.New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Wilson, J. Dover. “Shakespeare's Richard III and The True Tragedy of Richard the Third, 1594.” Shakespeare Quarterly 3.4 (1952): 299-306.

Wood, Anthony à. “William Baldwin.” Athenae Oxonienses. Vol. 1. Rev. ed. 4 vols. New York: Johnson Reprint, 1967. 341-343.

Wright, Herbert G. Boccaccio in England, from Chaucer to Tennyson. Fair Lawn, N.J.: Essential Books, 1957.

Wright, Louis B. “The Elizabethan Middle-Class Taste for History.” The Journal of Modern History 3.2 (1931): 175-197.

Zocca, Louis R. Elizabethan Narrative Poetry. 1950. New York: Octagon Books, 1970.


Baldwin Biography

Baldwin Text