Marmot Creek Research Basin: Hydrometeorological Stations
Marmot Creek, a tributary to the Kananaskis and Bow river systems, runs through a classic headwater catchment in the Rocky Mountain front ranges, at elevations between 1450 and 2886m above sea-level. The basin, which is approximately 10km² in area, encompasses high alpine, sub-alpine and montane terrain, ranging from bare rock and talus, through tundra and sub-alpine to dense forest. It receives more than 600mm of precipitation annually, 70% of which falls as snow, with 50% runoff.
The basin is instrumented with permanent Automatic Weather Stations in a range of elevations, surface types, slopes / aspects, a network of groundwater wells, and streamflow gauges.
Measurements of snowfall and rainfall, evaporation, soil moisture, soil freezing, snowmelt, radiation, wind speed, air temperature and humidity, and surface temperatures are taken every 15 minutes at these sites. Many are provided in near real-time here.