Liber Publications

Peer Reviewed (Refereed) Papers

Anderson, J.C., S.B. Wiseman, K. Liber and J.P. Giesy.  Expression of hemoglobins, endocrine receptors, and ribosomal protein L15 in Chironomus dilutes larvae following short-term exposure to oil sands process-affected water.  Aquatic Toxicol.  (Submitted 2012).

Toor, N.S., E. Franz, P.M. Fedorak, M.D. MacKinnon and K. Liber.  Selective biodegradation of naphthenic acids and a probable link between mixture profiles and aquatic toxicity.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. (Submitted 2012).

Franz, E.D., C.I.E. Wiramanaden, M. Gallego-Gallegos, J. Tse, D.M. Janz, I.J. Pickering and K. Liber.   Comparative uptake of selenium by Chironomus dilutus from surface water and sediment/dietary exposure pathways using an in-situ caging method.  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety.  (Submitted 2012).

Burnett-Seidel, C. and K. Liber.  Derivation of no-effect and reference-level sediment quality values for application at Saskatchewan uranium operations.  Environ. Monitor. Assess. (Submitted 2011).

Kovalenko, K.E.,  J.J.H. Ciborowski, C. Daly, D.G. Dixon, A.J. Farwell, A.L. Foote, K.R. Frederick, J.M. Gardner Costa, K. Kennedy, K. Liber, M.C. Roy, C.A. Slama, J.E.G. Smits and C.M. Wytrykush.  Carbon flow and food web structure in oil sands reclaimed wetlands.  Ecological Applications (submitted 2012).

Gallego-Gallegos, M., L.E. Doig, J.J. Tse, K. Liber and I.J. Pickering.  Bioavailability, toxicity and biotransformation of elemental selenium nanoparticles in the midge, Chironomus dilutus. Environ. Sci. Technol. (Accepted 2012).

Toor, N.S., E. Franz, P.M. Fedorak, M.D. MacKinnon and K. Liber.  2013.  Degradation and aquatic toxicity of naphthenic acids in oil sands process-affected waters using simulated wetlands.  Chemosphere 90: 449-458.

Tse, J.J., M. Gallego-Gallegos, E.D. Franz, K. Liber, and I.J. Pickering.  2012.  Selenium speciation and localization in chironomids from lakes receiving treated metal mine effluent.  Chemosphere 89: 274-279.

Puttaswamy, N. and K. Liber.  2012.  Influence of inorganic anions on metals release from oil sands coke and on toxicity of  nickel and vanadium to Ceriodaphnia dubia.  Chemosphere 86: 521-529.

Anderson, J.C., S.B. Wiseman, A. Moustafa, M. Gamal El-Din, K. Liber and J.P. Giesy.  2012.  Effects of exposure to oil sands process-affected water from experimental reclamation ponds on Chironomus dilutes.  Water Research 46: 1662-1672.

Anderson, J.C., S.B. Wiseman, N. Wang, A. Moustafa, M. Gamel El-Din, L. Perez-Estrada, J. Martin, K. Liber and J.P. Giesy.  2012.  Effectiveness of ozonation treatment in eliminating toxicity of oil sands process water to Chironomus dilutus.  Environ. Sci. Technol. 46: 486-493.

Burnett-Seidel, C. and K. Liber.  2012.  Evaluation of sediment quality guidelines derived using the screening-level concentration approach for application at uranium operations in Saskatchewan, Canada.  Environ. Monitor. Assess. 184: 1593-1602.

Pourrezaei, P., P. Drzewicz, Y. Wang, M. Gamal El-Din, L.A. Perez-Estrada, J.W. Martin, J. Anderson, S. Wiseman, K. Liber and J.P. Giesy.  2011.  The impact of metallic coagulants on the removal of natural organic compounds from oil sands process-affected water.  Environ. Sci. Technol. 45: 8452-8459.

Phibbs, J., E. Franz, D. Hauck, M. Gallego, J. Tse, I.J. Pickering, K. Liber and D.M. Janz.  2011.  Evaluating the trophic transfer of selenium in aquatic ecosystems using caged fish, X-ray absorption spectroscopy and stable isotope analysis.  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety 74: 1855-1863.

Franz, E.D., C.I.E. Wiramanaden, D.M. Janz, I.J. Pickering and K. Liber.  2011.  Selenium bioaccumulation and speciation in Chironomus dilutus exposed to water-borne selenate, selenite, or seleno-DL-methionine.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem 30: 2292-2299.

Phibbs, J., C.I.E. Wiramanaden, D. Hauck, I.J. Pickering, K. Liber and D.M. Janz.  2011.  Selenium uptake and speciation in wild and caged fish downstream of a metal mining and milling discharge.  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety 74: 1139-1150.

Puttaswamy, N. and K. Liber.  2011.  Identifying the causes of oil sands coke leachate toxicity to aquatic invertebrates.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 30: 2576-2585.

Liber, K., L.E. Doig and S.L White-Sobey.  2011.  Toxicity of uranium, molybdenum, nickel, and arsenic to Hyalella azteca and Chironomus dilutus in water-only and spiked-sediment toxicity tests.  Ecotoxicol. Environ. Safety 74: 1171-1179.

Wiramanaden, C.I.E., K. Liber and I.J. Pickering.  2010.  Selenium speciation in whole-sediment using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and micro X-ray fluorescence imaging.  Environ. Sci. Technol. 44: 5389-5394.

Doig, L. and K. Liber.  2010.  An assessment of Hyalella azteca burrowing activity under laboratory sediment toxicity testing conditions.  Chemosphere 81: 261-265.

Puttaswamy, N., D. Turcotte and K. Liber.  2010.  Variation in toxicity response of Ceriodaphnia dubia to Athabasca oil sands coke leachates.  Chemosphere 80: 489-497.

Muscatello, J.R. and K. Liber.  2010.  Uranium uptake and depuration in the aquatic invertebrate Chironomus tentans.  Environ. Pollution 158: 1696-1701.

Wiramanaden, C.I.E., E. Forster and K. Liber.  2010.  Selenium distribution in a lake system receiving effluent from a metal mine and milling operation in northern Saskatchewan, Canada.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 29: 1-11.

Muscatello, J.R. and K. Liber.  2009.  Accumulation and chronic toxicity of uranium over different life stages of the aquatic invertebrate Chironomus tentans.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 57:531-539.

Robertson, E. and K. Liber.  2009.  Effect of sampling method on contaminant measurement in pore-water and surface water at two uranium operations: can method affect conclusions?  Environ. Monit. Assess. 155:539-553.

deRosemond, S., Q. Xie and K. Liber.  2008.  Arsenic concentration and speciation in five freshwater fish species from Back Bay near Yellowknife, NT, Canada.  Environ. Monit. Assess. 147: 199-210.

Stoughton, S. and K. Liber.  2008.  Acute and chronic toxicity of imidacloprid to the aquatic invertebrates Chironomus tentans and Hyalella azteca under press and pulse exposure conditions.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 54: 662-673.

Irving, E.C., R.B. Lowell, J.M. Culp, K. Liber, Q. Xie and R. Kerrich.  2008.  Effects of speciation and low dissolved oxygen condition on the toxicity of arsenic to a lotic mayfly.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 27: 583-590.

Alexander, A.C., J.M. Culp, K. Liber and A.J. Cessna.  2007.  Effects of imidacloprid insecticide exposure on feeding inhibition in mayflies and oligochaetes.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 26:1726-1732.

Robertson, E. and K. Liber.  2007.  Bioassays with caged Hyalella azteca to determine aquatic toxicity downstream of two Saskatchewan, Canada, uranium operations.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 26: 2345-2355.

Liber, K., W. Goodfellow, P. den Besten, W. Clements, T. Galloway, A. Gerhardt, A. Green and S. Simpson.  2007.  In-situ-based effects measures: Considerations for improving methods and approaches.  Integr. Environ. Assess. Manage. 3: 246-258.

George, T.K. and K. Liber.  2007.  Laboratory investigation of the toxicity and interaction of pesticide mixtures in Daphnia magna.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 52: 64-72.

Doig, L.E. and K. Liber.  2007.  Nickel speciation in the presence of different sources and fractions of dissolved organic matter.  Ecotox. Environ. Safety 66: 169-177.

Kapaj, S., H. Peterson, K. Liber and P. Bhattacharya.  2006.  Human health effects of chronic arsenic poisoning - a review.  J. Environ. Sci. Health Part A 41: 2399-2428.

Doig, L.E. and K. Liber.  2006.  Influence of dissolved organic matter on nickel bioavailability and toxicity to Hyalella azteca in water-only exposures.  Aquat. Toxicol. 76: 203-216.

Doig, L.E. and K. Liber.  2006.  Nickel partitioning in formulated and natural freshwater sediments.  Chemosphere 62: 968-979.

Liber, K., L. Weber and C. Lévesque.  2005.  Sublethal toxicity of two wastewater treatment polymers to lake trout fry (Salvelinus namaycush).  Chemosphere 61: 1123-1133.

de Rosemond, S.C., K. Liber and A. Rosaasen.  2005.  Relationship between embryo selenium concentration and early life stage development in white sucker (Catostomus commersoni) from a northern Canadian lake.  Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 74: 1134-1142.

Liber, K., S. Stoughton and A. Rosaasen.  2004.  Chronic uranium toxicity to white sucker fry, Catostomus commersoni.  Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 73: 1065-1071.

Bell, H.E., K. Liber, D.J. Call and G.T. Ankley.  2004.  Evaluation of bioaccumulation and photoinduced toxicity of fluoranthene in larval and adult life-stages of Chironomus tentans.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 47: 297-303.

de Rosemond, J.C. and K. Liber.  2004.  Wastewater treatment polymers identified as the toxic component of a diamond mine effluent.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 23: 2234-2242.

Irving, E.C., K. Liber and J.M. Culp.  2004.  Lethal and sublethal effects of low dissolved oxygen condition on two aquatic invertebrates, Chironomus tentans and Hyalella azteca.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 23: 1561-1566.

George, T.K., K. Liber, K.R. Solomon and P.K. Sibley.  2003.  Assessment of the probabilistic ecological risk assessment-toxic equivalent combination approach for evaluating pesticide mixture toxicity to zooplankton in outdoor microcosms.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 45: 453-461.

Adams, W.J., R.M. Burgess, G. Gold-Bouchot, L. Leblanc, K. Liber and B. Williamson.  2003.  Porewater chemistry: effects of sampling, storage, handling, and toxicity testing.  In, R.S. Carr and M. Nipper (eds.), Porewater Toxicity Testing: Biological, Chemical, and Ecological Considerations.  SETAC Press, Pensacola, FL, USA.  pp. 95-124.

George, T.K., D.T. Waite, K. Liber and J. Sproull.  2003.  Toxicity of a complex mixture of atmospherically transported pesticides to Ceriodaphnia dubia.  Environ. Monitor. Assess. 85: 309-326.

Xie, Q., R. Kerrich, E. Irving, K. Liber and F. Abou-Shakra.  2002.  Determination of five arsenic species in aqueous samples by HPLC coupled with a hexapole collision cell ICP-MS.  J. Anal. Atomic Spectrom. 17: 1037-1041.

Rogers, V.V., M. Wickstrom, K. Liber and M.D. MacKinnon. 2002. Acute and subchronic mammalian toxicity of naphthenic acids derived from oil sands tailings.  Toxicological Sciences 66: 347-355.

Rogers, V.V., K. Liber and M.D. MacKinnon.  2002.  Isolation and characterization of naphthenic acids from Athabasca oil sands tailings pond water.  Chemosphere 48: 519-527.

Zhulidov, A.V., R.D. Robarts, J.V. Headley, K. Liber, D.A. Zhulidov, O.V. Zhulidova and D.F. Pavlov.  2002.  Levels of DDT and hexachlorocyclohexane in burbot (Lota lota L.) from Russian Arctic rivers.  Sci. Total Environ. 292/3: 231-246.

Thomas, P. and K. Liber.  2001.  An estimation of radiation doses to benthic invertebrates from sediments collected near a Canadian uranium mine.  Environ. Int. 27: 341-353.

Smits, J.E., M.E. Wayland, M.J. Miller, K. Liber and S. Trudeau.  2000.  Reproductive, immune and physiological end points in tree swallows on reclamed oil sands mine sites.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 19: 2951-2960.

Doig, L. and K. Liber.  2000.  Dialysis minipeeper for measuring pore-water metal concentrations in laboratory sediment toxicity and bioavailability tests.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 19: 2882-2889.

Sibley, P.K., M.J. Chappel, T.K. George, K.R. Solomon and K. Liber.  2000.  Integrating effects of stressors across levels of biological organization: examples using organophosphorus insecticide mixtures in field-level exposures.  J. Aquat. Ecosyst. Stress Recov. 7: 117-130.

Monson, P.D., D.J. Call, D.A. Cox, K. Liber and G.T. Ankley.  1999.  Photoinduced toxicity of fluoranthene to the northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens).  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18: 308-312.

Call, D.J., K. Liber, F.W. Whiteman, T.D. Dawson and L.T. Brooke.  1999.  Observations on the 10-day Chironomus tentans survival and growth bioassay in evaluating Great Lakes sediments.  J. Great Lakes Res. 25: 171-178.

Liber, K., M.L. Knuth and F.S. Stay.  1999.  An integrated evaluation of the persistence and effects of 4-nonylphenol in an experimental littoral ecosystem.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18: 357-362.

Heinis, L.J., M.L. Knuth, K. Liber, B.R. Sheedy, R. Tunell and G.T. Ankley.  1999.  Persistence and distribution of 4-nonylphenol following repeated application to littoral enclosures.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18: 363-375.

O'Halloran, S.L., K. Liber, J.A. Gangl and M.L. Knuth.  1999.  Effects of repeated exposure to 4-nonylphenol on the zooplankton community in littoral enclosures.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18: 376-385.

Schmude, K.L., K. Liber, T.D. Corry and F.S. Stay.  1999.  Effects of 4-nonylphenol on benthic macroinvertebrates and insect emergence in littoral enclosures.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18: 386-393.

Liber, K., J.A. Gangl, T.D. Corry, L.J. Heinis and F.S. Stay.  1999.  Lethality and bioaccumulation of 4-nonylphenol in bluegill sunfish in littoral enclosures.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 18: 394-400.

Liber, K., K.L. Schmude and D.M. Rau.  1998.  Toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis to chironomids in pond mesocosms.  Ecotoxicology 7: 343-354.

Liber, K., K.R. Solomon and J.H. Carey.  1997.  Persistence and fate of 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol and pentachlorophenol in limnocorrals.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 16: 293-305.

Ankley, G.T., K. Liber, D.J. Call, T.P. Markee, T.J. Canfield and C.G. Ingersoll.  1996.  A field investigation of the relationship between zinc and acid volatile sulfide concentrations in freshwater sediments.  J. Aquat. Ecosystem Health 5: 255-264.

Liber, K., D.J. Call, T.P. Markee, K.L. Schmude, M.D. Balcer, F.W. Whiteman and G.T. Ankley.  1996.  Effects of acid volatile sulfide on zinc bioavailability and toxicity to benthic macroinvertebrates: a spiked-sediment field experiment.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 15: 2113-2125.

Liber, K., D.J. Call, T.D. Dawson, F.W. Whiteman and T.M. Dillon.  1996.  Effects of Chironomus tentans larval growth retardation on adult emergence and ovipositing success: implications for interpreting freshwater sediment bioassays.  Hydrobiologia 323: 155-167.

Hanratty, M.P. and K. Liber.  1996.  Evaluation of model predictions of the persistence and ecological effects of diflubenzuron in a littoral ecosystem.  Ecol. Modeling 90: 79-95.

O'Halloran S.L., K. Liber, K.L. Schmude and T.D. Corry.  1996.  Effects of diflubenzuron on benthic macroinvertebrates in littoral enclosures.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 30: 444-451.

Liber, K., K.L. Schmude and T.D. Corry.  1996.  Effects of the insect growth regulator diflubenzuron on insect emergence within littoral enclosures.  Environ. Entomol. 25: 17-24.

Liber, K.  1994.  Use of limnocorrals for assessing the aquatic fate and effects of pesticides.  In, I.R. Hill, F. Heimbach, P. Leeuwangh, and P. Matthiessen, (eds.), Freshwater Field Tests for Hazard Assessment of Chemicals.  Lewis Publishers Inc., Boca Raton, FL, USA.  pp. 199-214.

Liber, K. and K.R. Solomon.  1994.  Acute and chronic toxicity of 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol and pentachlorophenol to Daphnia and rotifers.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 26: 212-221.

Liber, K., K.R. Solomon, N.K. Kaushik and J.H. Carey.  1994.  Impact of 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol on planktonic communities in limnocorrals.  In, R.L. Graney, J.H. Kennedy and J.H. Rodgers, Jr. (eds.), Aquatic Mesocosm Studies in Ecological Risk Assessment.  SETAC Special Publications Series.  Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, USA.  pp. 257-294.

Liber, K., K.R. Solomon, N.K. Kaushik and J.H. Carey.  1992.  Experimental designs for aquatic mesocosm studies:  A comparison of the "ANOVA" and "Regression" design for assessing the impact of tetrachlorophenol on zooplankton populations in limnocorrals.  Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 11: 61-77.

Meru, S., K. Liber, K. Stonefield, K.R. Solomon and G.R. Stephenson.  1990.  Persistence and lateral movement of 2,4-Dichlorophenoxy acetic acid and Picloram on power line rights-of-way.  Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 19: 572-577.

Stephenson, G.R., K.R. Solomon, C.S. Bowhey and K. Liber.  1990.  Persistence, leachability, and lateral movement of triclopyr (Garlon) in selected Canadian forestry soils.  J. Agric. Food Chem. 38: 584-588.

Solomon, K.R.,  C.S. Bowhey, K. Liber and G.R. Stephenson.  1988.  Persistence of Hexazinone (Velpar), Triclopyr (Gar­lon) and 2,4-D in a northern Ontario aquatic en­viron­ment.  J. Agric. Food Chem.  36: 1314-1318.