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Aboriginal Health &
Cultural Diversity Glossary

L – Definitions

land claims:
“In 1973, the federal government recognized two broad classes of claims — comprehensive and specific. Comprehensive claims are based on the recognition that there are continuing Aboriginal rights to lands and natural resources. These kinds of claims come up in those parts of Canada where Aboriginal title has not previously been dealt with by treaty and other legal means. The claims are called “comprehensive” because of their wide scope. They include such things as land title, fishing and trapping rights and financial compensation. Specific claims deal with specific grievances that First Nations may have regarding the fulfilment of treaties. Specific claims also cover grievance relating to the administration of First Nations lands and assets under the Indian Act” (Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 2000).
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“The Natives believed “all people and creatures are equally important in this perfect circle of understanding growth and connectedness. Like the Medicine Wheel which represents life itself, learning is a continuous everchanging process of growth” (Medicine Wheel, n.d.).
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life expectancy:
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location theory:
“Location theory suggests that location near resources and/or markets is important to the success of most businesses” (Kendall, 2001).
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“The Lubicon, an Indigenous nation of approximately 500 people living in northern Alberta, have never surrendered their rights to their traditional lands. The Lubicon were simply overlooked when a treaty was negotiated with other Indigenous peoples in the region in 1899. In the 1970s, the Alberta government initiated a program of massive oil and gas development on what it considered to be Crown land. The Lubicon say that their health, their way of life and their culture itself have been devastated by these developments and the Lubicon have fought for respect of their rights in Canadian courts and before the United Nations Human Rights Committee (UNHRC)” (Amnesty International, 2003).
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For the full references of works cited above, please see the Glossary References page >>

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