O – Definitions
“A term used to describe people, services or objects
that are not part of a reserve, but relate to First Nations” (Indian
and Northern Affairs Canada, 2000).
Office of the Treaty Commissioner (OTC):
“In 1989, the Federation of Saskatchewan Indians and
the Government of Canada created the Office of the Treaty Commissioner
with a five-year mandate to provide recommendations in the
areas of Treaty land entitlement and education. The OTC played
a vital role in the signing of the Treaty land entitlement
agreements between 28 First Nations and the Governments of
Canada and Saskatchewan. The Office continued to work in Treaty
land entitlement and education until its mandate expired in
March 1996” (Office of the Treaty Commissioner, 2003).
“By contrast, the Ojibwa were migratory hunters and gatherers.
There was a clear distinction made between male and female
roles in Ojibwa society” (Aboriginal Women, Industry
“The Ojibwe people of the Great Lakes region are also
known as Ojibway, Ojibwa, Chippewa, or Anishnabe and are
characterized as Eastern Woodland Indians. A full ethnohistory
of the Ojibwe people of the Great Lakes region since contact
with French missionaries in the 1600s is outside the scope
of this overview” (Reynolds Turton, 1997).
“The Ojibwe are one of the largest groups of native
people in North America and are characterized as intensely
and fiercely independent (Grim, 1983; Cornell, 1986). Yet
there is a paucity of nursing and other health literature
addressing the health-related beliefs of Ojibwe people” (Reynolds
|‘on her moon’:
”This term describes a woman’s menstrual period.
For Aboriginal People, all life is directly linked to the cycles
of the earth
and the moon. Like many other cultures, Aboriginal People believe
that a woman’s menstrual cycle follows the cycles of
the moon” (Canadian Health Network, 2000).
“A popular medicine is Ooligan grease, which is made
from fish oil, and is an all-purpose healing remedy used for
and used as a sleeping pill. The grease is put in soups and
used as a dip for fish. It is not put in a pill form but rather
seen as a natural remedy for use on a daily basis. Interestingly,
Ooligan grease was considered to be “one of the most
valuable natural resources for the Native Americans of the
Pacific Northwest Coast. The oil, which is easily rendered,
was a prized trade good having an enormous range of uses” (Ooligan
News, 2003, p. 1).
“Ooligan grease was high in vitamins and highly nutritious
and was called “ha la mootxw, which means, for curing
the northern tribes of BC (University of Oregon, 2003, p. 1).
“Evidence taken from the spoken words of people who have
knowledge of past events and traditions. This oral history
is often recorded
on tape and then put in writing. It is used in history books
and to document claims”
“The oral tradition, refers to the tradition that those
with experience and memory of "the old times" were
the appropriate teachers. Thus, an elder's teachings were the
highly respected” (Reynolds Turton, 1997).
“Stories from the oral tradition, also called myths
or legends, provide valuable insight into the cognitive orientation,
or health-world view, guiding the health beliefs of aboriginal
peoples. In modern parlance, the word "myth" is
often thought to be synonymous with falsehood or fallacious
belief” (Reynolds Turton, 1997).
|Ottawa Charter for Health Promotion, 1986:
“The first International Conference on Health Promotion,
met in Ottawa, November 21st, 1986, presenting the CHARTER
action to achieve Health for All by the year 2000 and beyond.
This conference was primarily a response to growing expectations
for a new public health movement around the world; health promotion
in line with moral and social values (World Health Organization,
For the full
references of works cited above, please see the Glossary
References page >>