University of Saskatchewan

September 16, 2014   

Kinesiology Current Studies and Projects

Growth and Development

  • The Saskatchewan Child Growth and Development Study was recognized internationally as the first longitudinal study of children's physiological response to exercise. Research is currently underway linking a variety of health and lifestyle factors to the original assessments done over 25 years ago. The study provides researchers with the unique opportunity to undertake longitudinal studies monitoring changes in physiological adaptations to a standardized exercise protocol. Measures of body composition, strength, motor performance, and complete anthropometric profiles for a ten-year period have been taken. Current research includes analysis of that data.
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  • In a cooperative study with the Department of Medical Imaging, researchers are examining the effects of physical activity on bone density and skeletal integrity in growing children, elite athletes and the elderly. New initiatives involve analyses of the effects of weight bearing activity on bone mineralization and investigations of the relationship of loading history to bone composition.
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  • The College is well recognized for the Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study. This 7-year longitudinal study is designed to investigate bone mineral acquisition in children and adolescents, and the affects of factors such as exercise and nutrition on this acquisition. This research has spawned a considerable number of related projects related to the assessment of physical activity in children and adolescents, familial influences on bone mineralization, and the effects of muscle loading on bone mineralization in the elderly.

  • Secular trends in childhood growth using the Saskatchewan Child Growth and Development Study and the Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study.

  • Using the Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study, a project to assess changes in bone strength over a seven-year period in adolescent boys and girls is underway. In long bones such as the femur, structural strength at a particular location is largely determined by the shape and dimensions of the cross-section, yet the contribution of altered bone geometry to bone strength is obscured by clinical assessment using current absorptiometric imaging techniques because they fail to distinguish geometry from density. This study provides a unique opportunity to apply recent methods of hip structural analysis to the bone scans of the proximal femur from the Saskatchewan Pediatric Bone Mineral Accrual Study. The results of this research may call into question the importance of using bone density as a measure of skeletal integrity in growing children and has implications for skeletal fragility and osteoporosis in later life.

  • Pulmonary function growth and development in young athletes.

  • Training of young athletes (TOYA) follow-up study to assess current sports involvement, retirement from elite sport, injury occurrence, and adult growth measures.