Howard Wheater

Director, Global Institute for Water Security
Canada Excellence Research Chair in Water Security
Professor, School of Environment and Sustainability
Professor, Department of Civil and Geological Engineering, College of Engineering

(306) 966-1990
howard.wheater@usask.ca
http://homepage.usask.ca/~hsw171/

Designations

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Civil Engineering/Hydrology, University of Bristol
  • Master of Arts, Engineering Science, University of Cambridge
  • Bachelor of Arts, Engineering Science, with Honours, University of Cambridge

Research Interests

Hydrological processes and modelling, with applications to the management of flood risk, water resources, water quality, wastes and climate change adaptation; socio-hydrology

Media

Current Research

  • Canada Excellence Research Chair (CERC) in Water Security
    • In October, 2010 Dr. Wheater was awarded the CERC in Water Security, supported by a seven year, $30 million grant jointly funded from the federal and provincial governments and the University of Saskatchewan. The CERC programme aims to develop the new interdisciplinary science needed to address the threats to the world’s water security faced as a result of increasing pressures on the water environment, including climate change, pollution and overuse of water resources. It brings together experts in water-related science, engineering, health, social science and policy at the Global Institute for Water Security, located in Environment Canada’s National Hydrology Research Centre. Multidisciplinary teams are working with partners in industry and government to address a range of challenges faced in western Canada and internationally. Key themes are climate change and water security; land-water management and environmental change; sustainable development of natural resources; socio-hydrology; water and health; water and wastewater treatment technologies; and groundwater and hydrogeology. This research aims to improve understanding of environmental change, including impacts on extreme events, and the human dimensions of water, and provide the new tools needed to support water management and policy in the face of uncertain water futures.  

      For additional details on the CERC in Water Security and the Global Institute for Water Security, see http://www.usask.ca/water/.

  • Changing Cold Regions Network (CCRN) 
    • Dr. Wheater is PI of CCRN, a collaborative research network that brings together the unique expertise of a team of more than 50 university and government scientists from four government agencies and eight Canadian universities. The network aims to integrate existing and new data sources with improved predictive and observational tools to understand, diagnose and predict interactions amongst the cryospheric, ecological, hydrological and climatic components of the changing Earth system at multiple scales. The geographic focus is on Western Canada’s rapidly changing cold interior.

      For additional details on the network, see http://www.ccrnetwork.ca/.

  • Mackenzie and Saskatchewan River Basins – Regional Hydroclimate Project
    • In December 2012, the World Climate Research Programme’s Global Energy and Water Exchanges Project (GEWEX) Hydroclimate Panel approved the Saskatchewan River Basin (SaskRB) Project as a Regional Hydroclimate Project (RHP), designed to support the GEWEX mission, imparatives and science questions. Subsequently, an expanded RHP, that also includes the Mackenzie River Basin, was approved in July 2014. The broader RHP has a geographical focus spanning from the Canadian Rocky Mountains in the West to Lake Winnipeg in the East, and from the Canada-U.S. border in the South to the Arctic Ocean in the North. This project aims to build upon world-class observational facilities to develop new interdisciplinary science and the accompanying modelling tools required to address the challenge of managing environmental change and uncertain water futures.

      For additional details on the RHP, see http://www.usask.ca/water/saskrb/index.php.

  • Tobacco Creek Model Watershed (TCMW) 
    • Spanning three subregions of the Prairie Ecozone (Southwest Manitoba Uplands, Aspen Parkland and Lake Manitoba Plain), the TCMW represents a unique ecological site within which to conduct applicable research and demonstrate agricultural beneficial management practices. With support from the Canadian Water Network, research in this area monitors agricultural impacts and tests a range of agricultural management practices across a range of drainage characteristics (e.g., soil, water quality).

      For additional details on this project, see http://www.cwn-rce.ca/initiatives/canadian-watershed-research-consortium/tobacco-creek-model-watershed/.

Recent Grants/Awards

  • 2015 - Wheater, H.S. (PI). Grants and Contributions – Environment Canada; CAD $528,772 over 2 years.
  • 2013 - Wheater, H.S. (co-I). Canadian Water Network – Water Knowledge Application Network (WatKAN); CAD $2,850 over 2 years.
  • 2013 - Wheater, H.S. (PI). Changing Cold Regions Network – Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada – Climate Change and Atmospheric Research; CAD $5 million over 5 years.
  • 2012 - Wheater, H.S. (PI). Canada Foundation for Innovation – Leaders Opportunity Fund (CERC); CAD $800,000 over 1 year.
  • 2012 - Wheater, H.S. (co-I). Canadian Water Network – Tobacco Creek Watershed; CAD $128,313 over 2 years.
  • 2012 - Wheater, H.S. (PI). Grants and Contributions – Environment Canada; CAD $475,000 over five years.
  • 2011 - Wheater, H.S. (PI). Grants and Contributions – Environment Canada; CAD $70,000 over one year.
  • 2011 – Wheater, H.S. (co-I). Science in Society – Connections and Intersections Award, University of Saskatchewan; CAD $30,000 over 1 year.
  • 2011 - Wheater, H.S. (co-PI).  Hydrological Extremes and Feedbacks in the Changing Water Cycle.  Changing Water Cycle Programme, UK; GBP £1.06 million over 3 years.
  • 2010 - Anderson, R. (PI). Wheater as co-applicant.  CLIMATE KIC Addressing Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation.  European Institute of Technology; Euro 90 million over four years.
  • 2010 - Wheater, H.S.  Canada Excellence Research Chair in Water Security.  Canada Excellence Research Chairs Program, Government of Canada; CAD $30 million over 7 years.
  • 2008 - Wheater, H.S. (PI).  Enhancing the Knowledge Base and Capacity Building in Drylands.  UNESCO.
  • 2008 - O'Connell, P.E. (PI); Wheater as co-applicant.  Land Use Management Effects in Extreme Floods.  Natural Environment Research Council, UK.
  • 2008 - Briggs, S. (PI), Wheater as co-applicant.  DIAMOND:  Decommissioning, Immobilisation and Management of Nuclear Wastes for Disposal.  Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK.
  • 2008 - Wheater, H.S.  (PI).  Managing Water as a Scarce Resource for Human Needs, UNESCO.
  • 2008 - Lee, W. (PI); Wheater as co-applicant.  DIAMOND:  Decommissioning, Immobilisation and Management of Nuclear Wastes for Disposal.  Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK.
  • 2008 - Pender, G. (PI); Wheater as co-applicant.  Flood Risk Management Research Consortium Phase 2.  Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, UK, and others; GBP £8.5 million over 4 years.

Select Publications

Books
  • Wheater, H.S., Mathias, S. and Li, X. (Eds) (2010) Groundwater modelling in arid and semi-arid areas. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wheater, H.S., Sorooshian, S. and Sharma KD (Eds.) (2008) Hydrological modelling in arid and semi-arid areas. Cambridge University Press.  195pp.
  • Wheater, H.S., Bell, J.N.B., Butler, A.P., Jackson, B.M., Ciciani, L., Ashworth, D., Shaw, G.G. (2007) Biosphere implications of deep disposal of nuclear waste. The upwards migration of radionuclides in vegetated soils.  Series on Environmental Science and Management, Vol. 5, Imperial College Press, 402pp.
  • Wagener, T., Wheater, H.S. and Gupta, H.V.  (2004) Rainfall-Runoff Modelling in Gauged and Ungauged Catchments, Imperial College Press, 306pp.
  • Wheater, H.S. and Kirby, C. (Eds.) (1998) Hydrology in a Changing Environment.  Vol. 1, Wiley, 592 pp.
  • Wheater, H.S. and Kirby, C. (Eds.) (1998) Hydrology in a Changing Environment.  Vol. 2, Wiley, 604 pp.
  • Wheater, H.S. and Kirby, C. (Eds.) (1998) Hydrology in a Changing Environment.  Vol. 3, Wiley, 455 pp.

Selected Journal Publications

  • Nazemi, A. and Wheater, H.S. (2015) On inclusion of water resource management in Earth System models – Part 1: Problem definition and representation on water demand. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19, 33-61, doi:10.5194/hess-19-33-2015.
  • Nazemi, A. and Wheater, H.S. (2015) On inclusion of water resource management in Earth System models – Part 2: Representation of water supply and allocation and opportunities for improved modeling. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 19, 63-90, doi:10.5193/hess-19-63-2015.
  • Debeer, C.M., Wheater, H.S., Quinton, W.L., Carey, S.K., Stewart, R.E., Mackay, M.D. and Marsh, P. (2015) The Changing Cold Regions Network: Observation, diagnosis and prediction of environmental change in the Saskatchewan and Mackenzie River Basins, Canada. Science China: Earth Sciences, 58.1, 46-60, doi:10.1007/s11430-014-5001-6.
  • Asong, Z.E., Khaliq, N. and Wheater, H.S. (2015) Regionalization of precipitation characteristics in the Canadian Prairie Provinces using large-scale atmospheric covariates and geophysical attributes. Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 29, 875-892, doi:10.1007/s00477-014-0918-z.
  • Masud, M.B., Khaliq, M.N. and Wheater, H.S. (2015) Analysis of meteorological droughts for the Saskatchewan River Basin using univariate and bivariate approaches. Journal of Hydrology, 522, 452-466, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.12.058.
  • Sagin, J., Sizo, A., Wheater, H.S., Jardine, T.D. and Lindenschmidt, K.-E. (2015) A water coverage extraction approach to track inundation in the Saskatchewan River Delta, Canada. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 36.3, 764-781.
  • Khaliq, M.N., Sushama, L., Monette, A. and Wheater, H.S. (2015) Seasonal and extreme precipitation characteristics for the watersheds of the Canadian Prairie Provinces as simulated by the NARCCAP multi-RCM ensemble. Climate Dynamics, 44, 255-277, doi:10.1007/s00382-014-2235-0.
  • Rasavi, S., Elshorbagy, A., Wheater, H.S. and Sauchyn, D. (2015) Toward Understanding Non-stationarity in Climate and Hydrology through Tree-ring Proxy Records. Water Resources Research, 51, doi:10.1002/2014WR015696.
  • Marshall, M.R., Ballard, C.E., Frogbrook, Z.L., Solloway, I., McIntyre, N., Reynolds, B., and Wheater, H.S. (2014) The impact of rural land management changes on soil hydraulic properties and runoff processes: results from experimental plots in upland UK. Hydrological Processes, 28.4, 2617-2629, doi:10.1002/hyp.9826.
  • Nazemi, A. and Wheater, H.S. (2014) How can the uncertainty in the natural inflow regime propagate into the assessment of water resource systems? Advances in Water Resources, 63, 131-142, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2013.11.009.  
  • Mekonnen, M.A., Wheater, H.S., Ireson, A.M., Spence, C., Davison, B., and Pietroniro, A. (2014) Towards an improved land surface scheme for prairie landscapes. Journal of Hydrology, 511, 105-116, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.01.020.
  • Tse, T.J., Codling, G., Jones, P.D., Thoms, K., Giesy, J.P., Wheater, H.S. and Doig, L.E. (2014) Reconstructing long-term trends in municipal sewage discharge into a small lake in northern Manitoba, Canada. Chemosphere, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.12.019.
  • Nachshon, U., Ireson, A., van der Kamp, G., Davies, S.R. and Wheater, H.S. (2014) Impacts of climate variability on wetland salinization in the North American Prairies. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18, 1251-1263, doi:10.5194/hess-18-1251-2014.
  • Gober, P. and Wheater, H.S. (2014) Socio-hydrology and the science-policy interface: A case study of the Saskatchewan River Basin. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 18, 1413-1422.
  • Nazemi, A. and Wheater, H.S. (2014) Assessing the Vulnerability of Water Supply to Changing Streamflow Conditions. Eos – Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, 95.32: 288, doi:10.1002/2014EO320007.
  • Hassanzadeh, E., Elshorbagy, A., Wheater, H.S. and Gober, P. (2014) Managing water in complex systems: An integrated water resources model for Saskatchewan, Canada. Environmental Modelling & Software, 58, 12-26, doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2014.03.015.
  • Chun, K.P., Wheater, H.S. and Barr, A.G. (2014) A multivariate comparison of the BERMS flux tower observations and Canadian Coupled Global Climate Model (CGCM3) outputs. Journal of Hydrology, 519 Part B, 1537-1550, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.08.059.
  • McIntyre, N., Ballard, C., Bruen, M., Bulygina, N., Buytaert, W., Cluckie, I., Dunn, S., Ehret, U., Ewen, J., Gelfan, A., Hess, T., Hughes, D., Jackson, B., Kjeldsen, T.R., Merz, R., Park, J-S., O’Connell, E., O’Donnell, G., Oudin, L., Todini, E., Wagener, T. and Wheater, H.S. (2014) Modelling the hydrological impacts of rural land use change. Hydrology Research, doi:10.2166/nh2013.145.
  • Segond, M.-L., Wheater, H.S. and Onof, C. (2014) The significance of spatial rainfall representation for flood runoff estimation: A numerical evaluation based on the Lee catchment, UK. Journal of Hydrology, 347.1-2, 116-131, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2007.09.040.
  • Jackson, B., Pagella, T., Sinclair, F., Orellana, B., Henshaw, A., Reynolds, B., McIntyre, N., Wheater, H.S. and Eycott, A. (2013) Polyscape: a GIS mapping toolbox providing efficient and spatially explicit landscape-scale evaluation of multiple ecosystem services. Landscape and Urban Planning. 112: 74-88, doi:10.1016/j.landurbplan.2012.12.014.
  • Chun, K.P., Wheater, H.S. and Onof, C.J. (2013) Comparison of drought projections using two UK weather generators. Hydrological Sciences Journal. 58.2: 1-15, doi:10.1080/02626667.2012.754544.
  • Ireson, A.M., van der Kamp, G., Ferguson, G., Nachshon, U. and Wheater, H.S. (2013) Hydrogeological processes in seasonally frozen northern latitudes: Understanding gaps and challenges. Hydrogeology Journal. 21.1: 53-66, doi:10.1007/s10040-012-0916-5.
  • Nazemi, A., Wheater, H.S., Chun, K.P. and Elshorbagy, A. (2013) A stochastic reconstruction framework for analysis of water resource system vulnerability to climate-induced changes in river flow regime. Water Resources Research, 49.1: 291-305, doi:10.1029/2012WR012755.
  • Edmunds, W.M., Jayakumar, R., Mishra, A., Salih, A., Sorooshian, S., Wheater, H.S. and Logan, W. (2013) G-WADI – the first decade. Sciences in Cold and Arid Regions. 5.1: 0001-0005.
  • McIntyre, N., Ballard, C., Bruen, M., Bulygina, N., Buytaert, W., Cluckie, I., Dunn, S., Ehret, U., Ewen, J., Gelfan, A., Hess, T., Hughes, D., Jackson, B., Kjeldsen, T., Merz, R., Park, J.-S., O’Connell, E., O’Donnell, G., Oudin, L., Todini, E., Wagener, T. and Wheater, H.S. (2013) Modelling the hydrological impacts of rural land use change. Hydrology Research, doi:10.2166/nh.2013.145.
  • Bulygina, N., McIntyre, N., and Wheater, H.S. (2013) A comparison of rainfall-runoff modelling approaches for estimating impacts of rural land management on flood flows. Hydrology Research, 44.3, 467-483, doi:10.2166/nh.2013.034.
  • Nachshon, U., Ireson, A., Van der Kamp, G. and Wheater, H.S. (2013) Sulfate salt dynamics in the glaciated plains of North America. Journal of Hydrology, 499, 188-199, doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2013.07.001.
  • Wheater, H.S. and Gober, P. (2013) Water Security in the Canadian prairies: science and management challenges. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 371, doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0409.
  • Chun, K.P., Wheater, H.S., Nazemi, A. and Khaliq, M.N. (2013) Precipitation downscaling in Canadian Prairie Provinces using LARS-WG and GLM approaches. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 38.4, 311-332, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/07011784.2013.830368.
  • Fraser, C.E., McIntyre, N., Jackson, B.M. and Wheater, H.S. (2013) Upscaling hydrological processes and land management change impacts using a metamodeling procedure. Water Resources Research, 49. 1-17, doi:10.1002/wrcr.20432.
  • Kenabatho, P., McIntyre, N. and Wheater, H.S. (2012) Stochastic simulation of rainfall in the semi-arid Limpopo basin, Botswana. International Journal of Climatology, 32.7, 1113-1127.
  • Chun, K.P., Wheater, H.S. and Onof, C.J. (2012) Projecting and hindcasting potential evaporation for the UK between 1950 and 2099. Climatic Change, 113.3, 639-661.
  • Chun, K.P., Wheater, H.S. and Onof, C. (2012) Prediction of the impact of climate change on drought: an evaluation of six UK catchments using two stochastic approaches. Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.9259.
  • Ballard, C.E., McIntyre, N. and Wheater, H.S. (2012). Effects of peatland drainage management on peak flows. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 16.7: 2299-2310, doi:10.5194/hess-16-2299-2012.
  • Bulygina, N., Ballard, C., McIntyre, N., O'Donnell, G. and Wheater, H.S. (2012) Integrating different types of information into the hydrological model parameter estimation: Application to ungauged catchments and land use scenario analysis. Water Resources Research, 48.6: W06519, doi:10.1029/2011WR011207.
  • Ireson, A. M., Butler, A. B. and Wheater, H.S. (2012) Evidence for the onset and persistence with depth of preferential flow in unsaturated fractured porous media. Hydrology Research, 43.5: 707-719, doi:10.2166/nh.2012.030.
  • Bergen, E., Buytaert, W., Onof, C., Metzger, L. and Wheater, H.S. (2012) Assessing climate change impacts on precipitation characteristics in the Peruvian Andes using a generalised linear model. Journal of Hydrometeorology (in revision).
  • Bulygina, N., McIntyre, N. and Wheater, H.S. (2011) Bayesian conditioning of a rainfall-runoff model for predicting flows in ungauged catchments and under land use changes. Water Resources Research, 47.2, W02503, doi:10.1029/2010WR009240.
  • Ballard, C.E., McIntyre, N., Wheater, H.S., Holden, J. and Wallage, Z.E. (2011) Hydrological modeling of drained blanket peatland. Journal of Hydrology, 407.1-4, 81-93.
  • McIntyre, N., Young, P., Orellana, B., Marshall, M., Reynolds, B. and Wheater, H.S. (2011) Identification of nonlinearity in rainfall-flow response using data-based mechanistic modeling. Water Resources Research, 47.3, W03515, doi:10.1029/2010WR009851.
  • Kigobe, M., McIntyre, N., Wheater, H.S. and Chandler, R. (2011) Multi-site stochastic modelling of rainfall in Uganda. Hydrological Sciences Journal, 56.1, 17-33.
  • Pechlivanidis, I. Jackson, B., McIntyre, N. and Wheater, H.S. (2011) Catchment scale hydrological modelling: A review of model types, calibration approaches and uncertainty analysis methods. Global NEST Journal, 13.3, 193-214.
  • Hughes, A.G., Vounaki, T., Peach, D.W., Ireson, A.M., Jackson, C.R., Butler, A.P., Finch, J. and Wheater, H.S. (2011) Flood risk from groundwater in a Chalk catchment in southern England. Journal of Flood Risk Management, 4.3, 143-155.
  • Ward, E., Buytaert, W., Peaver, L. and Wheater, H.S. (2011) Evaluation of precipitation products over complex mountainous terrain: A water resources perspective. Advances in Water Resources. 34.10, 1222-1231.
  • Wilby, R.L., Nicholls, R.J., Wheater, H.S., Clarke, D. and Dawson, R.J. (2011) Keeping nuclear and other coastal sites safe from climate change. Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers. 164.3, 129-136, doi: 10.1680/cien.2011.164.3.129.
  • Howden, N.J.K, Neal, C., Wheater, H.S. and Kirk, S.  (2010)  Water quality of lowland, permeable Chalk rivers: the Frome and Piddle.  Hydrology Research, 41.2, pp75-91.
  • Second, M-L., Wheater, H.S. and Onof, C. (2010)  Investigation of the performance of a simple rainfall disaggregation scheme using semi-distributed hydrological modeling of the Lee catchment, UK.  Hydrology Research, 41.2, pp 134-144.
  • Wheater, H. and Evans, E (2009) Land use, water management and future flood risk.  Land Use Policy 26S, S251-S264.
  • Kenabatho, P.K., McIntyre, N.R. and Wheater, H.S. (2009) Impacts of climate change on water resource planning in Botswana (in review).
  • Chun, K.P., Wheater, H.S. and Onof, C.J. (2009) Projecting and hindcasting potential evaporation for the UK between 1950 and 2099 (in review).
  • Pechlivanidis I.G., McIntyre N., Wheater H.S., 2009, ‘Calibration of a semi-distributed rainfall-runoff model using parameter regionalisation', Journal of Hydrology (In review).
  • Elshamy, M.E. and Wheater, H.S. (2009) Performance assessment of a GCM land surface scheme using a fine-scale calibrated hydrological model: An evaluation of MOSES for the Nile Basin. Hydrol. Process.  23, 1548-1564 DOI: 10.1002.
  • Bulygina, N., McIntyre, N. and Wheater, H.S. (2009) Conditioning rainfall-runoff model parameters for ungauged catchments and land management impacts analysis.  Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 13, 893-904, www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/13/893/2009.
  • Chun, K.P., Wheater, H.S. and Onof, C.J. (2009) Streamflow estimation for six UK catchments under future climate scenarios.  Hydrology Research, 40.2-3, 96-112.
  • Marshall, M.R., Francis, O.J., Frogbrook, Z.L., Jackson, B.M., McIntyre, N., Reynolds, B., Solloway, I., Wheater, H.S., Chell, J. (2009)The impact of upland land management on flooding: results from an improved pasture hillslope  Hydrol. Process. 23(3), 30, 464-475.
  • Ireson, A.M., Mathias, S.A., Wheater, H.S., Butler, A.P., Finch, J.  A model for flow in the Chalk unsaturated zone incorporating progressive Weathering. (2009)  Journal of Hydrology 365, 3-4, 244-260.
  • Jackson B.M., Chell J, Francis O.J., Frogbrook Z., Marshall, M., McIntyre, N.R., Reynolds, B., Solloway, I., Wheater, H.S. The impact of upland land management on flooding: insights from a multi-scale experimental and modelling programme.(2008)  Journal of Flood Risk Management, 1,2, 71-80.
  • Al-Qurashi, A., McIntyre, N., Wheater, H., Unkrich, C.  (2008) Application of the Kineros2 rainfall-runoff model to an arid catchment in Oman.  Journal of Hydrology, 355, 91-105.
  • Makropoulos, C., Koutsoyiannis, D., Stanić, M., Djordjević, S., Prodanović, D., Dašić, T., Prohaska, S., Maksimović, Wheater, H.S. (2008) A multi-model approach to the simulation of large scale karst flows. Journal of Hydrology, 348, 412-424.
  • Mathias, S.A., Butler, A.P. and Wheater, H.S.  (2008) Modelling radioiodine transport across a capillary fringe.  Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 99, Iss 4, 716-729.