At the University of Saskatchewan's Global Institute for Water Security (GIWS), sustainable use of the world’s water resources and protection against natural hazards such as flood and drought are our key priorities.
GIWS is co-located with Environment Canada’s National Hydrology Research Centre at Innovation Place and funded through the Canada Excellence Research Chair in Water Security (CERC), a $30-million, joint federal-provincial-university commitment over seven years. Led by Dr. Howard Wheater, one of the world’s foremost hydrologists, we are developing the modelling tools, techniques and policies to sustainably manage the world’s freshwater resources.
Officially launched in March 2011, our institute builds upon leading expertise and capacity in water research at the U of S. At GIWS, faculty and government scientists work with students and post-doctoral fellows on interdisciplinary teams to understand how climate change, land management practices, and development of natural resources are affecting our water environment, and develop the improved modelling tools needed to sustainably manage water. GIWS combines expertise in natural sciences, engineering and the social sciences, recognising that people and their activities are of critical importance for water science and management.
While our institute’s work addresses water issues world-wide, an important focus is on Western Canada. We are developing the Saskatchewan River Basin as a high-quality observatory with state-of-the-art monitoring of the Canadian Rocky Mountains, Boreal Forest and Prairies. Our resesarch teams are improving our ability to predict river flows, and understand how water quality and river basin ecosystems respond to climate change. Through our socio-hydrology research, we go beyond traditional water resources management to integrate humans and their activities into water science, and ensure that water decision-making incorporates a range of values and perspectives about the meaning, value and use of water. Our researchers are holding workshops and activities throughout the river basin to talk to those engaged in the management of water resources, understand their concerns and what scientific tools are needed to foster water security on the prairies and beyond.
To undertake world-class research that enables and enhances water security. We define water security as the sustainable use and protection of water resources, the safeguarding of access to water functions and services for humans and the environment, and protection against water-related hazards (flood and drought).
- Create a focus and platform for interdisciplinary collaboration that recognizes the societal dimensions of water security, human impacts on the environment, and the linkages and feedbacks between atmosphere, land and water systems. This requires new integration of the relevant spectrum of natural, health and social sciences, public policy and engineering;
- Develop the knowledge, science and technologies needed to support integrated water quantity and quality management in the face of uncertain climate and water resource futures, and address local, regional and global water security agendas;
- Develop partnerships with key stakeholders to translate science into policy and management support to meet water security challenges, including interactions among water, food, energy and ecosystem services (i.e., benefits to human welfare), climate change adaptation and mitigation challenges, and the human health agenda;
- Provide tools, technologies, and computer models for application to key globally significant water security issues, with international application; and,
- Create a unique opportunity for governments, industry and universities to invest in and collaborate on one of our most pressing global issues.
Progress Report Highlights 2014 - 2015
The annual GIWS Progress Report outlines the collective progress of the institute and our members. Highlights include:
- We have developed new, internationally recognized research facilities, have taken on important national and international science leadership roles, attracted substantial additional research funding, and are beginning to deliver the exciting science that was foreseen at the programme outset. Recent highlights include three ground-breaking papers in the journal Nature, election of GIWS Associate Director McDonnell to the Fellowship of the Royal Society of Canada, establishment of the MOST (Mine Overlay Site Testing) facility, and leadership of two World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) initiatives (the Changing Cold Regions Network Regional Hydroclimate Project, including the Saskatchewan River Basin (SaskRB; 406,000 km2) and Mackenzie River Basin (MRB; 1.8 million km2), and the International Network for Alpine Research Catchment Hydrology - INARCH). INARCH also forms part of UNESCO’s International Hydrological Programme. These programmes address critical societal needs and support the development of the new trans-disciplinary science. These are designed to address WCRP priorities related to large-scale science, as well as the needs and concerns of local and regional stakeholders.
Canada Excellence Research Chair in Water Security
The Canada Excellence Research Chair (CERC) program is an initiative of the Government of Canada that aims to attract world experts to Canada and position Canada as a global leader in research and innovation.
In May 2010, the University of Saskatchewan was awarded $10 million over seven years from the federal program to establish a CERC in Water Security and launch a world-leading water research and training centre. This $10 million commitment was matched by the Government of Saskatchewan and the University of Saskatchewan for a total of $30 million.
Other major institute funding partners include the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Council and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and Western Economic Diversification. In addition, we maintain a strong working relationships with various non-governmental organizations and industry partners as provided in our annual progress reports.
The Global Institute for Water Security and Environment Canada have established a formal partnership with the goal of advancing innovation and high-quality water science research. As part of this partnership, the Global Institute for Water Security is co-located with Environment Canada’s National Hydrology Research Centre in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.
Saskatchewan Research Council
Saskatchewan Research Council (SRC) is a strong supporter of the research and development component of the water sciences field and has a history of research partnerships with the University of Saskatchewan. SRC has committed to provide in-kind research, facility sharing and equipment to the Global Institute for Water Security.
Fresh water is essential for human life and well-being, for economic development and for entire global ecosystems. While water can be a major threat through floods and droughts, water resources are also under pressure world-wide through population growth and movement, economic development, climate and land use changes, and pollution. Tensions are rising over scarce water resources, with potential for population migration in the face of water stress and growing awareness of the role of “embedded water” in food, goods and services. Effective water management is a social imperative and water security is increasingly recognized as a strategic national and international priority. Further, effective water management is becoming increasingly complex, requiring deep understanding of aquatic and terrestrial environments, their vulnerabilities to environmental change, and water management and protection challenges.
Canada faces unprecedented water challenges. Water contributes $23 billion annually to our economy, yet our water supplies face serious threats from climate change and pressures on resources. A 2009 World Wildlife Fund report points to significant concerns for the environmental sustainability of Canada’s major river systems, concerns exacerbated by climate change.
New interdisciplinary science and technological innovation is urgently required to inform water management and policy and to develop new solutions to critical problems facing global and domestic water security. It is now imperative to address these issues using the spectrum of relevant disciplines and to translate this integrated science into technologies and useful information for decision-making, working with stakeholders and state-of-the-art informatics tools. These global needs will be met through our institute, which is viewed as a founding institution for water sciences in Canada. GIWS takes advantage of the capacity, investments, sense of place and 53-year history of hydrological research here at the U of S. We address issues of national and international priority, contribute to innovation, and promote broad and inclusive research collaboration.
GIWS strategically positions Canada to deal with water security challenges nationally and internationally and lead to changes in water use, policy, management and reclamation, while training national and international students to ensure the world’s water security.
GIWS has come a long way since its foundation in 2011, and we are proud of our achievements thus far. However, none of this would have been possible without the far-sighted support of our founding supporters, the Canadian Government, through the Canada Excellence Research Chair program, the Province of Saskatchewan, and the U of S. I would like to record my personal thanks for their recognition of the strategic importance of water security and their vision and confidence in the U of S and myself to deliver on this important and unique opportunity.
Professor Howard Wheater, FREng
Canada Excellence Research Chair in Water Security
Director, Global Institute for Water Security