Introduction to the ecology of lakes. The biological, chemical and physical properties of lakes are examined at lake and watershed levels. Theoretical and applied topics, including human impacts (e.g., eutrophication, climate change, ultraviolet radiation, contaminants, and angling) are examined. Laboratories and field trips provide training in limnological techniques.
The biology of fishes including their morphological diversity, physiology, behaviour and ecology, and their management and utilization.
Identification of aquatic insects, discussions of current literature, field trips, collections, and laboratory work.
An introduction to the principles of ecological toxicology, including: population modelling, experimental design and interpretation of field studies, and contaminant impact assessment on populations, communities and ecosystems. Computer laboratory exercises will be used to model populations and ecosystems and analyze changes in populations and communities resulting from contaminant impacts.
A review of current ecological and environmental issues concerning inland waters.
Sustainable irrigation projects require management of irrigation water for profitable crop production without negatively altering the soil or depleting the source water resource. Water management topics discussed pertain to irrigation in the western Canadian prairie setting. Techniques of applying irrigation water to the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum to increase productivity and profitability are evaluated. Examples range from totally enclosed environments of greenhouses to the extra water in addition to natural precipitation of field crops. An appreciation is developed that irrigation projects increase regional growth and prosperity while operating within the bounds of societal control and regulation. Upon completion of this course, the student will be able to organize sustainable irrigation projects, choose the irrigation equipment required and recommend how to operate it.
Engineering and hydrologic principles are applied to design of modern irrigation and drainage systems. Soil-plant-water relationships important to understanding water needs are emphasized.
Land degradation and associated management practices within land bioresource systems are studied. Emphasis is placed upon prairie agricultural systems, with examples within other systems (e.g. forestry, wetlands) also considered. Major topics include wind and water erosion, soil compaction, soil carbon change, acidification, sodic soils, salinization, and desertification.
Builds on the concepts studied
in CE 225 Fluid Mechanics. Introduces the concepts of potential flow,
dimensional analysis, boundary layer development, incompressible flow in
pressure conduits, flow past objects, steady flow in open channels and
Basic hydrological processes such as precipitation, evapotranspiration, runoff, infiltration, interception, and depression storage are introduced. Engineering applications such as streamflow and storm hydrographs, flood routing, hydrologic analyses and design, and watershed simulation are covered.
Sanitary and Environmental
Civil and Geological Engineer
Fundamental topics in the
discipline of sanitary/environmental engineering are introduced. Topics
include the design of municipal water distribution and wastewater collection
systems; an introduction to water chemistry and water quality assessment; and
design of physical and chemical treatment processes as they apply to water
and wastewater treatment. A brief overview of storm water collection systems
is also presented.
This course introduces
additional topics in the discipline of sanitary/environmental engineering. It
builds upon previously introduced principles of chemistry, fluid mechanics
and fundamentals of sanitary/environmental engineering. Topics covered
include design of lime soda ash softening in drinking water treatment; design
of biological wastewater treatment systems; and sludge and residual solids
management in water and wastewater treatment. An introduction to tertiary
wastewater treatment and wastewater disposal issues is also presented.
A design course in which the
basics of fluid mechanics (hydrostatics, continuity, energy and momentum) are
applied to hydraulic design. The concrete gravity dam and spillway structures
are used to introduce the basic aspects of hydraulic structure design with
respect to forces and hydraulic analysis, including the important topic of
energy dissipation. Other structures, such as those used for flood control,
irrigation, hydropower, navigation, water supply, land and highway drainage,
wildfowl habitat preservation, and water-based recreation, are also
This course builds on and supplements various aspects of other hydrotechnical courses, especially those related to hydrology. The course focuses on three major parts of water resources engineering practice. Part I deals with watershed analysis and simulation, including use of state-of-the art software, and the effects of urbanization on watershed runoff, including the design of street drainage systems and detention ponds. It also covers determination of peak discharges for hydrologic design. Part II deals with water use and its associated analysis, including irrigation, drought management and hydropower. Part III deals with water excess management and flood damage mitigation. Several aspects of the course include consideration of economics as a decision-making tool, notably those aspects dealing with drought and flood management.
Water quality aspects of rivers and lakes and implications of waste water input are discussed. Topics include surface water quality parameters, point and non point source input characteristics, water quality measurements, mixing and self-purification processes, water quality modelling methods.
Consists of two major parts; the first one focuses on modeling hydrologic processes and prediction of hydrologic events using soft computing/data driven techniques (e.g., artificial neural networks and genetic programming). The second part of the course focuses on presenting the concept of system dynamics and its applications in the field of hydrologic modeling. Case studies of watershed modeling, water balance, and environmental analysis will be discussed within an object-oriented simulation environment. Although environment and water resources-related applications will be dominant, the scope of the methodologies and models introduced during the course will be broad enough to benefit other students from different disciplines across campus.
Ordinary and partial differential equations as they relate to chemical engineering processes. Laplace transforms for ordinary differential equations. Analytic and numerical solutions to partial differential equations. An emphasis will be placed on the development of mathematical models for chemical engineering systems.
Will rigorously explore water resource sustainability in western Canada from physical, chemical, biological, socio-economic, and technological perspectives. Biophysical influences on water abundance and quality, current threats to water resources, and efforts to provide for sustainable management of water resources will be examined.
Current issues in land reclamation and remediation are examined. The impact of human activity in a variety of environments is examined and strategies for reclamation and remediation are investigated. Biophysical factors are the emphasis of the course, however the context of social and economic issues are incorporated.
The purpose of this course is to provide graduate students with a set of modelling skills to allow them to develop their own numerical models to solve problems of coupled flow and transport in porous media. A particular set of numerical methods for solving sets of partial differential equations are introduced to the student. Specific applications include models for water supplies in aquifers, contamination in aquifers, and water and energy balances in soils. This will also provide the student with an in-depth understanding of widely used commercial and non-commercial software such as USGS MODFLOW. The models help the student to think through the physical processes and interpret field data.
An introduction to the principles and practice of sampling and analysis of soils and related environmental materials. This course involves hands-on exercises on field soil and sediment sampling, sample handling, basic laboratory techniques and safety, selected laboratory analyses relevant to environmental science, and basic statistical analysis of data. For this course there will be costs in addition to tuition fees.
Essential physical concepts and processes (transport and storage of matter and energy) in the environment are introduced through applications and case-studies. Case studies include water cycles, natural and human-induced climate change, and the impact of human activity (industrial and agricultural) on the environment. Practicums are in the form of tutorials. Students will develop the essential ability to solve practical environmental problems through this course.
Focuses on soils as an
integrator of a broad range of environmental processes and as a critical
component inhuman-induced environmental change. Major topics include the
influence of the environment on soil formation and the physical, chemical,
and microbial/biochemical soil processes of relevance to environmental
Contaminant transport; regional groundwater flow; petroleum hydrogeology; fluid migration in basins; surface-water groundwater interaction; introduction to groundwater modelling.
The geographic distribution of hydrologic processes in Canada is outlined. The types of processes and their rates of operation are related to regional physical environments.
An examination of the elements of weather and climate including the composition and thermal structure of the atmosphere; radiation and energy balances; global circulation; air masses; fronts and atmospheric disturbances; and climates of the world.
The description and objective classification of landforms and the principles and processes involved in their origin and distribution. The role of weathering, mass movement, glacial, fluvial and aeolian processes in shaping Canadian landscapes will be emphasized in this course
Processes responsible for the spatial variability of available water resources are introduced and investigated analytically. Topics covered will provide an explanation of the pattern of precipitation, evaporation, infiltration, snowmelt and stream flow.
Groundwater is the largest source of readily accessible freshwater. This course provides a rigorous understanding of subsurface hydrological processes and covers fundamentals of subsurface flow and transport, emphasizing the role of groundwater and soil water in the hydrological cycle, and groundwater-surface water interactions
The process and practice of planning and management for watersheds in a North American context. A focus on water and land use policy and watershed governance structures. Institutional arrangements affecting water management in Canada will be investigated. Topics will include integrated watershed management, watershed plan preparation, and barriers to source water protection.
Examines the physical principles governing hydrological processes. Topics covered will be precipitation, interception, snow accumulation, snowmelt, evaporation, infiltration, groundwater movement, flood and drought frequency analysis and stream flow. Lectures and tutorials with hydrology instrumentation will be supplemented by problem solving assignments and an essay.
This course aims to:
- Describe and explain the physical principles and processes that govern hydrology with special reference to Canadian conditions.
- Describe and explain mass and energy balance calculations and their application in hydrology.
On completion of this course, students should be able to:
- describe the fetures of the primary Canadian hydrological processes
- assess the effects of variable boundary conditions on hydrology
- apply coupled energy and mass balance equations to calculate surface hydrological fluxes.
An overview of geochemical theory and problem-solving techniques used by Earth Scientists to elucidate Earth system processes. Topics of discussion will include the origin of elements, stable and radiogenic isotopes, geochronology, thermodynamics, trace element partitioning in mineral fluid systems, weathering and aqueous geochemistry.
Explores the record of climate variations preserved in recent earth materials, and the influence of these variations on contemporary societies. The focus will be on extreme periods, e.g., Pleistocene deglaciation, the Younger Dryas, 8.2ka event, Piorra Oscillation, Roman Warm Period, Dark Ages, Medieval Optimum, Little Ice Age, and 20th century warming.
An overview of theory and applications of stable and radiogenic isotope geochemistry including the use of isotopes as geotracers, geochronometers and geothermometers. John Pomeroy's seminar course.
ask whether contemporary water systems embody principles that will allow them
to adapt and function in a changing climate, a rapidly evolving economy, a
changing settlement system, and new lifestyles. The format will include
lectures, class discussion, jigsaw readings in which students read separate
material and then teach content to peers, guest lecturers, documentaries, and
Web-based content. Students will develop a collaborative, interdisciplinary
framework for evaluating sustainable water governance. Each student will use
this framework to evaluate climate adaptation policy in the water sector in a
major world city.
Combines theoretical and experimental elements aimed at providing understanding of the fundamental soil physical properties and processes, as well as the ability to solve practical problems related to agricultural and environmental problems. Topics include a discussion of the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases of the soil and the interactions between the phases, the movement of water, chemicals, air, and heat in soils, and the effects of these on plant growth and the environment. The laboratory involves the measurement of selected properties and their interpretation.
Will present a comprehensive overview of the technical aspects of predicting, monitoring, and evaluating the effects of toxic substances in aquatic systems. The class will cover levels of organization from sub-cellular to ecosystem. It is designed as an in-depth coverage of Aquatic Toxicology for students pursuing graduate degrees in the aquatic sciences. Students will be exposed to materials which will be useful in setting exposure standards and assessing hazards to aquatic ecosystems due to point or non-point releases of toxic substances.