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Diseases of Bison

A Literature Review of Disease in Bison

Many diseases are known to occur in bison but have yet to be described in the scientific literature. This review of past literature looks at documented accounts of bison diseases.

Malignant Catarrhal Fever (MCF) in Bison

Frequently asked questions (with answers) about Malignant Catarrhal Fever in bison. Answers to tough questions provided by experts on MCF.

Malignant Catarrhal Fever

An information article about this highly fatal disease in bison.

Anaplasmosis in Bison

Every now and again we find anaplasmosis in a Canadian bison. Here is an information article on the subject.


An information article about the cause and transmission of anthrax in large ruminants, especially bison.

Mycoplasma Disease in Bison

An information article about the most economically important disease of commercial bison operations.

WCVM Bison Mortality Survey Results

A PowerPoint presentation format of the results of a bison producer and laboratory survey on mortality and economic loss in the bison industry.

Health Management of Bison

Preparation of Bison for Public Sale Venues

What to do about backgrounding bison for that sale advantage you are looking for!

Bison Behavioural Management and Facilities Design

How to handle bison without killing them and yourself!

SAFEGUARD® Administration to Bison

How to treat bison for internal parasites using SAFEGUARD PREMIX in mineral salt mixes.

Frequently Asked Questions About Vaccines

Answers to some general questions about vaccines and how they work.

Withdrawal Time Information

for Ivermectin (Ivomec), Doramectin (Dectomax) or Eprinomectin (Eprinex) in Canada.

The Bison Code of Practice

Developed by the Canadian National Farm Animal Care Council. This document is currently under review. More information is available at http://www.nfacc.ca/codes-of-practice/bison. These are industry guidelines for the commercial farming of bison.

The Real Dirt on Diatomaceous Earth Used for Worming Bison

An information article about alternative control methods for intestinal parasites of bison.

Biochemical and Hematological Blood Values in Bison

An article originally published in the Bison Production Field Day Report. 2001 North Dakota State University Ag Experiment Station Report, Volume 2:8-12.

Vaccination Programs For Bison

Common sense information about the use of vaccines in bison.

Field Anesthesia for Bison

This is not a DIY article. It contains some basic information about the difficult task of sedating bison.

Body Condition Scoring for Bison

Developed by the Alberta Agriculture and Forestry. Being able to accurately body condition score will help ensure your animals are performing at their peak. More information is available at http://http://www1.agric.gov.ab.ca/$department/deptdocs.nsf/all/agdex9622 where there are downloadable PDFs featuring information factsheets about body condition scoring and related topics in various species of livestock.

Bison Nutrition

Understanding and Using a Feed Analysis Report

An important extension article from the University of Nebraska about feed analysis and how to interpret the results. This and other great topics can be found at http://extensionpubs.unl.edu/search/?category=AAG

Minerals and Vitamin Supplementation

This extension article from the University of Nebraska is about providing minerals to beef cows but the principles are true for bison as well. In most parts of North America providing minerals to intensively farmed bison is not a "treat"; it is an absolutely necessary part of your feeding program. This and other great topics can be found at http://extensionpubs.unl.edu/search/?category=AAG

Basic Nutrition of Bison

A comprehensive look at bison nutrition from the ruminant nutritionists at Saskatchewan Agriculture and Food.

Dietary Copper Balance in Bison

An information article about copper deficiency and treatment options.

Feeding Bison Meat Bulls

Three studies reported here focus on alternative feeds, energy levels, corn type and processing, and feed delivery systems for bison bulls fed for meat.

Protein Requirements for Bison Meat Bulls

This experiment was conducted to compare animal performance and cost of gain from four different protein levels in the diets of bison bulls fed for meat.

The Use of Co-products in Beef Cattle Rations

This article explains the major co-products used today and the applied use of these products in beef cattle rations. The author of the article have presented this material at several bison industry conferences and suggest that these products may be useful in feeding bison as well as beef.

Miscellaneous Research Articles

Evaluation of feeding strategies on the fatty acid profile of bison meat

Unpublished research done at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine to demonstrate the effect of forage diets (grass) fed to bison.

Forage Diets Produce Healthier Meat

An easy-to-understand report about the research listed above demonstrating the effect of grass finishing on bison meat.