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Normal Hematology and Serum Chemistry Values for Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)


Murray Woodbury DVM, MSc.

Specialized Livestock Research and Development Program
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences
Western College of Veterinary Medicine
University of Saskatchewn
Saskatoon,Saskatchewan    S7N 5B4

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ISIS Values


The values reported below are International Species Inventory System (ISIS) Data Reference values. ISIS information can be viewed at: http://www.seaworld.org/infobooks/Endangered/esII.html


Values reported are the mean ± one standard deviation. It is widely accepted that hematological values can vary according to sex, age, time of year, geographic location, nutritional status and method of restraint used to obtain the sample. Some of these factors no doubt interact to give highly variable results. These values are likely to be for chemically immobilized animals.



WBC (x 109/L)

5.75 + 3.1

Total Protein (g/L)

69.0 + 12.0

Differential

 

Albumin (g/L)

35.0 + 6.0

segs (x 109/L)

3.11 + 2.3

Globulin (g/L)

35.0 + 10.0

bands (x 109/L)

0.12 + 0.24

A/G ratio

 

eosinophils (x 109/L)

0.42 + .39

Fibrinogen (g/L)

 

basophils (x 109/L)

0.10 + 0.11

Prot./Fibrinogen ratio

 

lymphocytes (x 109/L)

2.1 + 1.76

Sodium (mmol/L)

146.0 + 6.0

monocytes (x 109/L)

0.17 + 0.18

Potassium (mmol/L)

5.1 + 1.5

 

 

Chloride (mmol/L)

101.0 + 5.0

RBC (x 1012/L)

10.71 + 1.27

Bicarbonate (mmol/L)

24.2 + 3.3

Hemoglobin (mmol/L)

2.74 + 0.54

Copper (μmol/L)

 

Hematocrit (%)

0.50 + 0.09

Calcium (mmol/L)

2.48 + 0.23

MCV (fL)

20.28 + 2.43

Phosphorus (mmol/L)

2.26 + 0.61

MCH (μμg)

7.28 + 0.74

Magnesium (mmol/L)

1.06 + 0.16

MCHC (g/dL)

14.4 + 1.36

BUN (mmol/L)

16.4 + 7.9

 

 

Creatinine (μmol/L)

168.0 + 53.0

Platelets (x 1012/L)

0.249 (n=1)

Glucose (mmol/L)

6.4 + 2.7

 

 

Amylase (U/L)

325.6 + 351.5

Uric Acid (mmol/L)

0.035 + 0.04

GGT (U/L)

75.0 + 115.0

Cholesterol (mmol/L)

1.61 + 0.44

CK (U/L)

312.0 + 530.0

Total Bilirubin (μmol/L)

5.1 + 5.1

AST (U/L)

93.0 + 33.0

Direct Bilirubin (μmol/L)

3.4 + 3.4

LDH

690.0 + 408.0

Indirect bilirbin (μmol/L)

1.7 + 1.7

ALT (U/L)

36.0 + 21.0

 

 

Alkaline phosphatase (U/L)

370 + 529.0

University of Alaska Fairbanks Values

The values below are from the Reindeer Health Aide Manual prepared by Dr. Bob Dieterich and Dr. Jamie Morton from the Agricultural Forestry Experiment Station, University of Alaska (Fairbanks) in cooperation with the USDA. The health Aide manual can be seen at http://reindeer.salrm.alaska.edu/pubnew.htm . Look under Publications.


I assume these values are for non-drugged, physically restrained animals.


Appendix IX - Normal Blood Values for Reindeer


WBC (x 103)

7.8 + 2.0

Total Protein (g/dL)

75 + 1.0

Differential

 

Albumin (mg/dL)

300 - 500

segs (%)

45.0 + 10.0

δGlobulins (g/dL)

 

bands (%)

 

A/G ratio

 

eosinophils (%)

5.0 + 5.0

Fibrinogen (mg/dL)

 

basophils (%)

3.0 + 2.0

Prot./Fibrinogen ratio

 

lymphocytes (%)

40.0 + 10.0

Sodium (meq/L)

145 + 8.0

monocytes (%)

3.0 + 2.0

Potassium (meq/L)

5.0 + 0.8

 

 

Chloride (meq/L)

 

RBC (x 106)

9.5 + 1.5

Bicarbonate (meq/L)

 

Hemoglobin (g/dL)

15.1 + 4.0

Copper (μmol/L)

 

Hematocrit (vol%)

45.0 + 5.0

Calcium (mg/dL)

9.8 + 0.8

MCV (fL)

 

Inorganic phosphate (mg/dL)

6.8 + 0.9

MCH (pg)

 

Magnesium

2.1 + 0.3

MCHC (g/dL)

 

Urea (mg/dL)

35.0 + 6.0

 

 

Creatinine (mg/dL)

 

Platelets (x 109/L)

 

Glucose (mg/dL)

101 + 22

 

 

Total Bilirubin (mg/dL)

0.31 + 0.09

 

 

Cholesterol (mg/dL)

68.0 + 12.0

 

 

Uric acid (mg/dL)

0.36 + 0.07