Home -> Elk -> Normal Values in Elk

 
Elk

Normal Hematology and Serum Chemistry Values for Canadian Elk (Cervus canadensis)


Murray  Woodbury DVM, MSc.

Specialized Livestock Research and Development Program
Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences
Western College of Veterinary Medicine
University of Saskatchewn
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan    S7N 5B4

© Reproduction of this material for the purposes of commercial distribution is prohibited by copyright law


The values reported below are from a 1987 study performed in Saskatchewan:

McIssac, A. A serological hematological, parasitological and biochemical survey of domesticated elk herds in Saskatchewan. Unpublished, 1989. Report to the Saskatchewan Agriculture Development Fund.


Eighty nine adult farmed elk of either sex were sampled. The animals were physically restrained rather than sedated for sampling. Values reported are the mean ±one standard deviation. It is widely accepted that cervid hematological values can vary according to sex, age, time of year, geographic location, and nutritional status. Some of these factors no doubt interact to give  variable results from individual blood tests. The values below should be used with caution when interpreting the results of  your diagnostic test results.



WBC (x 109/L)

4.57 - 7.76

Total Protein (g/L)

61 - 81

Differential ( Relative %)

 

Albumin (g/L)

36 - 46

segs

19 - 69

Globulins (g/L)

20 - 43

bands

 

A/G ratio

0.92 - 2.18

eosinophils

0 - 11

Fibrinogen (g/L)

 

basophils

0 - 1

Prot./Fibrinogen ratio

 

lymphocytes

15 - 77

Sodium (mmol/L)

135 - 147

monocytes

0 - 4

Potassium (mmol/L)

 

 

 

Chloride (mmol/L)

99 - 107

RBC (x 1012/L)

6.91 - 9.23

Bicarbonate (mmol/L)

 

Hemoglobin (g/L)

144 - 153

Copper (μmol/L)

12.5 - 18.5

Hematocrit (L/L)

0.30 - 0.41

Calcium (mmol/L)

2.31 - 2.79

MCV (fL)

42.1 - 44.6

Phosphorus (mmol/L)

1.18 - 2.68

MCH (pg)

 

Magnesium (mmol/L)

0.76 - 1.16

MCHC (g/L)

 

Urea (mmol/L)

5.6 - 9.8

 

 

Creatinine μmol/L

135 - 195

Platelets (x 109/L)

195 - 451

Glucose (mmol/L)

5.8 - 9.2

 

 

Total Bilirubin (μmol/L)

 

 

 

GGT (U/L)

 

 

 

CK (U/L)

237 - 461

 

 

AST (U/L)

60 - 132

 

 

Alkaline phosphatase (U/L)

184 - 426